Dedicated to the Memory of Combs &c. founder Carole Hammett (1946-2009)
This Combs &c. Web Site is Generously Hosted by Click Here to Join USGenNet
We Support Free Nonprofit Genealogy and History on the Internet

Last updated 25 Mar 2009
You are Our 19411th Visitor Since 26 Mar 2006
Please Email Additions/Corrections to Webmaster


Thanks to Patience Northern for this list of Abbreviations.
The source for the Quaker abbreviations is: The Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy by William Wade Hinshaw. pub Ann Arbor, Mi., 1936, with supplement to Volume I (this volume) Washington 1948, Library of Congress Catalogue Card Number 68-31728, ISB 0-8063-0178-3

Translate Quaker Dates

acc accept accepted acceptable

ack mo acknowledge marriage out

ae age

b born

bur buried

BWMM Black Water Monthly Meeting

BWPM Black Water Preparative or Particular Meeting

c circa (about)

cert certification

ch child children

clear clearness with respect to marriage

com complained complained of

comm. committee

con condemned

d died

dec deceased

dis disowned disowned for

dmi declared marriage intentions first time

dmist declared marriage intentions second time

dt  daughter daughters

dtd dated

end endorsed

exms excused from military service

fam family

form former formerly

Frds Friends

gc granted certificate

gct granted certificate to

gc efms granted certificate excusing from military service

gl granted letter

h husband

jas joined another society

jG joined Gurneyites

jH joined Hicksites

jW joined Wilburites

ltm liberated to marry or left at liberty to marry

m marry married marrying marriage

ma marriage authorized

mbr member

mbrp membership

mcd married contrary to discipline

MH meetinghouse

MM monthly meeting

Mos married out of society

Mou married out of unity

Mtg meeting

ND MM Northern District Monthly Meeting

ni not identified

nm non member

PM particular or preparative meetingp

prc produced certificate

prcf produced certificate from

prlf produced letter from

QM quarterly meeting

rec received recommended

recrq received by request

relrq released by request

rem remove removed

rem cert removal certificate

rmt reported married to

roc received on certificate

rocf received on certificate from

rol received on letter

rolf received on letter from

rpd reported

rq  request requests requested

rqc requested certificate

rqct requested certificate to

rqcuc requested to come under care (of mtg)

rqlt requested letter to

rst reinstate reinstated

rtco referred to care of

s son sons

SCV Southampton County, Va.

SDMM Southampton District Monthly Meeting

uc under care (of mtg)

unm unmarried

w wife

wd widow

WDMM Western District Monthly Meeting

YM Yearly Meeting


QUAKER DATES

“OUR QUAKER ANCESTORS
Finding them in Quaker Records”
by Ellen Thomas Berry & David Allen Berry

From Chapter VII "Quaker Records and Some Possible Problems"pg.67 and 68: Another pitfall for the purist can be the unique way the Quakers dated events. They did not use names for days of the week or months of the year since most of these names were derived from the names of pagan gods. A date such as August 19, 1748 will never be found. Rather it would be written as "19th da 6th mo 1748." Sometimes this will be written as 6mo 19da 1748. Why 6th month since August is the 8th month? Quakers, along with everyone else in the American Colonies and England, did not begin using the Gregorian calendar until 1752. Under the Julian calendar the year began on March 25th; March was the first month and February was the twelfth month. This is something of a problem when an event occurred in the months of January, February or up to March 25th, for then the date is given as 1748/1749. Such a dating practice satisfied everyone, including civil authorities, if for instance an inheritance was being established.

You may find that some legal documents will read "the 8th mo 5th day 1748 in the month called October." It is disconcerting when a date such as 30th da 11th mo 1722/1723 I found. The double year indicates that the old calendar was in use. Even though the Gregorian Calendar was adopted in 1582, as mentioned above it was 1752 before the change was universally accepted. We are emphasizing this point here so that if exact days, months, and years are wanted, the old Quaker records must be used with great caution. Remember that until 1752 "1st mo" is March.

We would like to point out also that you may find secondary material (genealogies are a case in point) in which the compiler transcribed dates incorrectly - for instance, "30th day 11th mo 1738/1739" rewritten as "Nov. 30, 1738/39 when the date in question is actually 30th January 1738/39. Dual dating is applicable ONLY for the first three months (to March 25) of the present calendar and not for the other nine months.

Submitted by Patience Northern


Back to Combs &c. Quaker Records

Back to Combs-Coombs &c. Historical & Genealogical Research Resources

See Isle of Wight Co VA for Combs-Associated Quaker References

Join Combs &c. in Support of USGenNet
— an IRS-approved nonprofit web-hosting service —

Combs &c. Research FamiliesCombs Research Group Proud Patron of USGenNetJoin USGenNet

This site is hosted by USGenNet, a nonprofit web-hosting service solely supported by tax-deductible donations. If this website has provided you with useful information, please consider making a donation to USGenNet to help keep sites like this online.

NOTICE: The Combs-Coombs &c. Research Group is a nonprofit public benefit corporation and complies fully with USGenNet's Conditions of Use. This Combs &c. Research Report has been provided for the free use of those engaged in non-commercial genealogical research by the nonprofit Combs Research Group. Any and all commercial use is strictly prohibited. Researchers are encouraged to copy and distribute this work freely, but with the proviso that it may only be copied and circulated in its entirety -- including this notice, and all sources, bibliographies and credits; and excepting electronically in which case permission is freely granted to link to this site instead. Sincerely, The Combs &c Research Group, Email: Webmaster.

© 1996-2010 Combs-Coombs &c. Research Group