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New South Wales, the first European settlement in Australia, began on 26th January 1788 with the arrival of Captain Arthur Phillip and the First Fleet from England. His flagship was the Sirius. He decided on Farm Cove in Sydney Harbour as the place to raise the Union Jack because Botany Bay that he knew about from Captain Cook's earlier (1770) discovery of the East Coast of Australia proved to have no fresh water supply. There were about 850 convicts and guards on board the 9 transport ships and 2 small warships. In these more enlightened times we place a lot more emphasis than in former histories of the penal settlement on the fact that we Europeans invaded an already occupied land and stole it from the indigenous inhabitants. But maybe, our memory of the fact that many of our ancestors were transported far from home often for petty crimes has contributed to our traditional championing of the underdog and led to most Australians now acknowleding the Aborigines' original claim to the land.

See also this site: Early European Settlement

Thanks to Linda Combe


Extracted by Linda Combe from NSW Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages - Historical Index Search


(Convicts to Australia) Convict Women to NSW 1788-1828 - “Minstrel” 1812

“Minstrel” - Arrived 25 October 1812.
Sailed 4/6/1812 from England in 143 days.
Embarked 127 females.

SURNAME CHRISTIAN NAME TRIAL PLACE DAY MONTH YEAR DEPARTED ALIAS DETAILS & COMMENTS
Coombs Agnes Middlesex 18 09 1811 ENGLAND … … … … … … …


29 Mar 1853 Sydney, NSW, Australia. Married: Joseph COOMBE & Ellen BUCHANAN (Combs Researcher Maureen Reynolds)

MR Notes: Joseph & Ellen left immediately after for Auckland, New Zealand, had 12 children, Joseph became first Chief Executive of the Auckland Savings Bank; died in Auckland 01 Dec 1872. Ellen came back to Australia with the younger children. The 3rd daughter Fanny, who had married William HUMPHREYS, also came to AUS. Joseph's ancestry remains a mystery, but descendants in NZ believe he was the same who was b 26/29 Jan 1831, Kings Square, St. Lukes, London, ENG; that he was baptised at St. James, Clerkenwell, London and that his parents were Joseph and Mary Ann.


The ship “Chateaux Lafitte”
of Bordeaux, Octavien Decombe, Master, Burthen 320 Tons
from the Port of Mauritius to Sydney, New South Wales, 17th Feb. 1876

DECOMBE O.
CAPTAIN

Mariners and Ships in Australian Waters (website has scan of original document.)

Submitted by Rob Holman


“Egmont” of Sydney, R. Edmondson, Master, Burthen 455 Tons
from the Port of Brisbane to Sydney, New South Wales, 31st Mar. 1876

Mariners and Ships in Australian Waters (website has scan of original document.)

Note: While this addition to our reports is a somewhat different name than normal, the beginning of the name could have been dropped by later generations.

Submitted by Rob Holman

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