Combs &c. Research
Early Combs &c. of the
City of London (pre-1500)

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1225-1226 Two Deeds of Demise from Alfred son of John to Jordan de CUMBE, citizen of London, of 2a. land in marsh of Cumbe (? Coombe in Kingston upon Thames*), which his father held of Walter son of Siward in `Kingesmerse'; demise from Thomas s. of Arnold and Alice d. of John ALKETON to Thomas de CUMBE and w. Anne of messuage (in CUMBE) (1)
*The (parenthetical) remarks above are from the Essex Records Office. Kingston and Kingston on Thames are in the County of Surrey, 2 mi. from Petersham and Surbiton, Surry; 2-1/2 from Richmond, Surrey; and directly across the river from Teddington, Middlesex. No other record of Jordan de CUMBE, or Thomas and Anne, in either London or Surrey has been located as yet.
ca 1270 Exchequer: Treasury of Receipt: Ancient Deeds, Series A. E 40/1776 Grant by Geoffrey de CHESEWYK, citizen of London, to William de CUMBE, wool merchant, of London, for 19 1/2 marcs, of a messuage with quay in the parish of St. Dunstan by the Tower of London, stretching fro King Street on the north to the Thames on the so... [incomplete entry] (54 Henry III.) (2)

1272-1307 [at some time between these dates]. Treasury of Receipt: Ancient Deeds, Series A. E 40/1777 Release by Richard de HAKEBURNE, goldsmith, of London, and Margaret his wife, to William de COUMBE, dwelling in the parish of St. Dunstan in the East, for 40s., of a yearly quitrent of 20s. Witnesses:- John de CANTERBIRY, then alderman, Martin BOX, and o... [incomplete entry]" (Edward I.) Note Text: Two seals (2)

ca 1272 Treasury of Receipt: Ancient Deeds, Series A. E 40/1778 Release by Geoffrey de SCHESEWICK to William de CUMBE, both citizens of London, of 6s. yearly rent issuing from a tenement, fromerly [formerly] Reginald le SIPWRITCHE's, in the parish of St. Dunstan by the Tower, stretching from Olvendebrigge on the east to the Tham...[Thames? incomplete entry] (56 Henry III.) Note text: seal. (2)

ca 1298 Exchequer: Treasury of Receipt: Ancient Deeds, Series A. E 40/1774 (i) "Certificate of proof of the will of William de CUMBE at the Husting held in London, Monday after the Purification, 26 Edward I., by John de STORTEFORD and John, son of William de CUMBE. He bequeaths five marcs yearly rent to support a chaplain in th... [incomplete entry]" Note text: (i), (ii) Transcript (iii) Transcript and Norman French. (2)

ca 1298 - ca 1316 Exchequer: Treasury of Receipt: Ancient Deeds, Series A. E 40/1794. Deed of sale by John de COMBE, son of William de COMBE, brother of William de COMBE, late citizen and wool merchant of London, deceased, in execution of the latter's will (proved and enrolled in the Husting of London, Monday after the Purification, 26 Edw... 9 Edward II (2)

35 Edw. (I) (-March) [ca 1307] E 122/68/19, Port: London. Particulars of account of William de COMBEMARTYN & William SERVATE, collectors of New Custom on wool &c. (2)

1318 London. Enrolled: Will of William de COMBEMARTYN, Alderman of London, Margery his 3rd wife (Two manors). (This source adds that William was in business in London as early as 1298, and Alderman of London, 1304/1318). (3)
William de Combemartin may have originally been from Combe Martin, Devonshire and ultimately taken the surname, MARTIN (research in progress). From the PRO Index is:
14 Feb 1327 Will of William De COMBE - To Isabella his daughter in tail the reversion of a cellar and solar in the parish of All Hallows at the Hay in Heywharflane after the decease of Darah his wife; remainder to Simon and Henry his sons. To Marion and Margery his daughters a similar reversion of houses in the same parish; remainder in default of heirs to the said Simon and Henry. Dated Saturday next before the Feast of S. Valentine, A.D. 1327. (Roll 56 (102), Calender/Wills Court of Husting, London Part 1 - AD 1258-1358 by Sharpe, MDCCCLXXXIX, pg 335)
All Hallows at the Hay is Allhallows the Great according to entries located in the index to the PRO.
11 Nov 1333 Will of John de COMBE, woolmonger. - The tenement devised to him by William de COMBE, his uncle, to be sold, and the proceeds devoted to pious uses for the good of the souls of the said uncle and of Petronilla, wife of the same, &c. Dated London, Friday next after the Feast of S. Martin, Bishop [11 Nov.], A.D. 1333. Roll 62 (13). (Calender/Wills Court of Husting, London Part 1 - AD 1258-1358 by Sharpe, MDCCCLXXXIX, pg 393)
The will of William de COMBE, uncle of John, has not yet been located (and may not be extant).
22 Jun 1377 - 17 Nov 1558 [at some time between these dates] Court of Chancery: Six Clerks Office: Early Proceedings, Richard II to Philip and Mary. C 1/68/23. John BURGEYS, citizen and stockfishmonger of London, and Margaret, his wife, previously the wife of Stephen, son of John COMBE. v. Thomas COMBE, William BARTON, of Canterbury, and Thomas IKAM, feoffees to uses.: Manors of Hugham and Southlye, and lands in... [Hastingleigh, Kent]" (4) [Search Words: BURGESS]

22 Jun 1377 - 17 Nov 1558 [at some time between these dates] Court of Chancery: Six Clerks Office: Early Proceedings, Richard II to Philip and Mary. C 1/68/50. John GEDENEY, citizen and alderman of London. v. John COMBE, of London, sergeant, who took estate for petitioner.: Land called `Mokkynges' in Tottenham, sold to complainant by Thomas LEGET.: (Middlesex). (4)

22 Jun 1377 - 17 Nov 1558 [at some time between these dates] Court of Chancery: Six Clerks Office: Early Proceedings, Richard II to Philip and Mary. C 1/196/34. Thomas COMBE v. John POOLE or POLE, goldsmith, of London.: Action of debt upon a bond: London. (4)

22 Jun 1377 - 17 Nov 1558 [at some time between these dates] Court of Chancery: Six Clerks Office: Early Proceedings, Richard II to Philip and Mary. C 1/714/16. Roger ANDREWS, innholder of London. v. John COMBES of S......, co. Cambridge, executor of Robert COMBES, vicar of Arundel, co. Sussex.: Failure to defend an action by John VEYSIE of Southampton, wherein complainant was defendant's bail. (4)
This may be the John COMBE who Venn identifies in Cambridge Alumnienses as "John COMBE, Vicar of Stapleford, Cambs" to 1461, and possibly the same John COMBE, who was admitted at King's College, Cambridge University, a scholar from Eton, in 1448.

See also 23 Sep 1589 conveyance of land in Tottenham, Middlesex from William ANDROWES Esq. of Tottenham, Middlesex to Thomas ARCHDALE, citizen and draper of [St. Antholin Budge Row] London, in which William declares that his grandfather was Roger ANDROWES.
22 Jun 1377 - 17 Nov 1558 [at some time between these dates]. ibid.C 1/932/2. Drew YARDLEY of London, merchant. v. The mayor and sheriffs of London.: Action by Thomas GODMAN on bonds given to John COMBES for a debt for woad already overpaid in cloth. Certiorari.: London. (4)

1382 Chancery: Ecclesiastical Miscellanea. C 270/28/5. "Appeal to Rome of Master John COUMBE, advocate of London consistory court, excommunicated by Archbishop of Canterbury. With note of two mainpernors (for prosecution of appeal)." (5)

ca 1405 6 HENRY IV. Chancery: Inquisitions Ad Quod Damnum, Henry III to Richard III. C 143/436/6. John COUMBE the elder of London to found a chantry at the altar of St. Katherine in the church of St. Michael-le-Quern, and to endow it with shops in the said parish of St. Michael, retaining land in the parishes of St. Michael Cornhill, St. Mary Woolnoth (6)

ca 1424 12 March, 2 Henry VI. Exchequer: Augmentation Office: Ancient Deeds, Series B. E 326/1998. Grant by Thomas PRESTON, son and heir of Alice daughter and heiress of Peter de BLYTHE of London, to William COMBE and John COMBE, issuing out of lands and tenements in the parish of Allhallows, Graschiche, which were Cambinus FULBERT'S. Witnesses: Willia..." (2)

ca 1424. 20 March, 2 Henry VI. Exchequer: Augmentation Office: Ancient Deeds, Series B. E 326/1996. "Release by William COMBE and John COMBE, citizens of London, to Robert SHILLEY, esquire, and Philippa his wife, of their right to the reversion of a rent issuing our of lands and tenements which were Cambinus FULBERT's in the parish of Allhallows, Graschi..." (2)

1452-1455 William COUMBYS, Fishmgr [fishmonger] (son of Simon and Agnes), died 1452, survived by wife Katrine. In 1455, his son, George, age 24, recd property (will of William COUMBYS: PCC Rous 16 334). (3)
This may be the same as William COMBES alias COUMBYS of Snodland, Kent whose will was probated in 1452, PCC Rous 17, with a codicil that refers to "St. George, Estchep, London; Fynchelon, St.Martin, Norfolk." (See Early Combes &c. of Kent)

______________________________
Sources

(1)Abstract of 2 Deeds, Reference D/DP/T378, collection of "Petre Family of Ingatestone and West Horndon," Essex Record Office, Essex Archives Online. Note: Ordering information is available at this locale)

(2) Combs &c. Extractions from the PRO Catalogue, E Series - records not yet acquired.

(3) Medieval Merchants Etc. in (mainly) London, by Michael W. Foster who transcribed from the index to "The Merchant Class of Medieval London," by Sylvia L Thrupp, 1948. Foster adds that the above record was based on Appendix A, which includes 56 pages of detail on aldermanic families, citing numerous wills, with/without dates.

(4) Combs &c. Extractions from the PRO Catalogue, C 1 Series - records not yet acquired

(5) Combs &c. Extractions from the PRO Catalogue, C Series - records not yet acquired

(6) Combs &c. Extractions from the PRO Catalogue, C 142-143 Series - records not yet acquired

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