This Web Site is Generously Hosted by
We Support Free Nonprofit Genealogy and History on the Internet
Dedicated to Sharing Our Research -- Free on the World Wide Web* &c. is old-style for et cetera (etc.), Latin for “and others”
whether associated families or variant spellings.
You Are Our 502817th Visitor Since Dec 1996
COMBS-COOMBS &c. WEBSITE
JOIN the DISCUSSION GROUP SubscribeUnsubscribe
connect with researchers.
Surname Origins & Variant Spellings
EARLIEST KNOWN “COMBS &c” IN RECORDS
Richard de COMBE, Knight (c. 1120) mentioned in an indenture re: Wilts “Indenture between Thomas, parson of the church of Odestoke, and John Gouteby, parson of the church of Aysshemere, of the one part, and Sir Richard de Combe, knight, and Sir Patrick de Frene. parson of the church of Batesbury, of the other part, concerning the partition of the manor of Fytelton, and the advowson of the church there. Sunday after St. Peter in Cathedra, 35 Edward III. French.” Source: British History On-Line 'Deeds: C.1101 — C.1200', A Descriptive Catalogue of Ancient Deeds: Volume 1 (1890), pp. 495-505.
Alice de CUMBE (c.1304) mentioned in a Deed re: the Manor of Elmington in Hanbury, Gloucestershire. Sources: Bristol Archives, England displayed on A2A Access 2 Archives (old website). (TBD if there is an earlier record in the Close Rolls or other medieval documents)
- “(Anglo-Celtic) Dweller at a Hollow, Valley, or Hill-Recess [Old English cumb, from the Celtic: Welsh cwm = Cornish cum = Irish cum, a hollow]. (English) (occasionally) Dweller at a Ridge or Hill-Crest [Dialect English comb, a ridge; Old English camb]” Source: Surnames of the United Kingdom, A Concise Etymological Dictionary. Henry Harrison, 2 Vols. The Eaton Press: London, England, 1912.
- “cumb” is considered by authoritative sources in the field of linguistics as a borrowed word by the English of a “functioning Brittonic place-name element”. This became Old English OE from early Brittonic. “cumb” is treated as ‘valley’ and was reborrowed in the 2nd millennium by the Welsh as “Cwm”. Sources: Invisible Britons: the view from linguistics; citations also note A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE by Baugh, Albert C. and Cable, Thomas. 5th ed. London: Routledge. 2002:76; Förster, Max. ‘Keltisches Wortgut im Englischen: eine sprachliche Untersucheng’ in Förster, M. and Wildehagen, K. (eds.) Texte und Forschungen zur englischen Kultergeschichte. Festgabe für Felix Liebermann. Halle an der Salle: Niemeyer. Pp.119.242 (also published separately); PLACE-NAMES IN THE LANDSCAPE. Gelling, Margaret. 1984. pp.88-94, 97-99; THE LANDSCAPE OF PLACE-NAMES. Gelling, Margaret and Cole, Ann. Stamford: Shaun Tyas.103-109, 113-122.
- “… that COMBS looks back to Sanscrit kumb'a, and to a similar Celtic form, as its prototype; also, that, as far as the present day cognomen or family name is concerned, the meaning is “little valley” or “hollow”.” Source: Combs, A Study in Comparative Philology and Genealogy, by Josiah H. Combs, Ph.D., University of Paris, c.1976.
- “A derivative of OE, camb, comb ‘comb’, a maker of combs.” Source: A Dictionary of English Surnames. Percy Hide Reaney, Richard Middlewood Wilson. Routledge: London, England. c.1967.
- Scot COMBS origins are with the Clan MAC THOMAS which takes its name from a Gaelic-speaking highlander known as TOMAIDH MOR who lived in the 15th century. Tomaidh or Thomas, descended from the Clan Chattan Mackintoshes, his own grandfather being a son of William, the eighth chief of the Clan Chattan. The Clan Chattan, primarily with the Clan Mackintosh and others including Clan MacThomas, formed a Confederation consisting of several tribes or small clans who were united as a community of about 13-15 known clans dating back to the 13th century. Source: SCOTTISH CLAN & FAMILY ENCYCLOPEDIA by George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire, Foreward endorsement by The Rt.Hon. The Earl of Elgin and Kincardine KT, Convenor, The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs. Harper Collins Publishers. Glasgow. c.1994.
COMB, COMBE, COMBEE, COMBEY, COMBIE, COMBY, COMBOY, COME, COMME, COMMBE, COWMB, COWMBE, COWMEY, KOMBE, COM, CAM, CAMM, CAMME, COLM, CWM, ap CWM
COMBS, COMBES, COMAS, COMBASS, COMES, COMBEZ, COMBZ, KOMBS, KOMES, COLMS, COMBESS, COMBEST, COMBIS, COMBIES, COMBUS, COMBYS, KOMBYS, COMKBIS, COMS
COOMB, COOMBE, COOM, COOME, COUMB, COUMBE, COUMBY, COUME, CUM, CUMBE, CUME, COUMBA, CUMBA, CUMBO, COOMBEY, COOMBY, COOMIBE, COOMEY, CUMBEE, CUMBEY, CUMBY, KUMB, KUMBE
COOMBS, COOMBES, COOMES, COOMS, COUMBES, COUMBS, COUMBYS, COUMES, COWMBES, COWMBS, CUMBES, CUMBIS, CUMBUS, CUMES, CUMS, KUMBES
de COMBE, DE COMM, de CUMB´, de CUMBE, de CUMBA, de CAMBAS, le COUMBE, de COMA, DE COMBES, de CUMBES, de CAMO, de la CUMBE, de la CUMBBE, de las COUMBE, de KUMBES, de COMBIS, de KAMES, de CUME, de COUMBE, ate COMBE, atte CUMBE, atte COMBE, in the CUMBE, in la CUMBE
McCOM, McCOMB, MacCOMB, MACOMB, McCOMBE, MACCOME, MACKOME, MACOME, MACCOMES, McCOME, McCOMBS, MacCOMBS, McCOMBES, McCOMM, McCOOM, McCOOMB, McCOOMBS, McCOOMBE, McCOOMBES, McCOMBIE, McCOLM, McCOMAS, MacCOMAS, McCOMBY, McCOMIE, MacCOMIE, MacOMIE, OMIE, OMIES, McCOMISH, MacOMISH, OMISH, MACOMBER, McTAVISH, McTHOMAS
The term Variants is applied to mean most common forms of the surname highlighted in bold and optional spellings found in records.
While not viewed among the surnames above which are the object of this Study, researchers should be aware that, at times, COLMBS COMBER COMER COMAR COOMER CUMER CUMBER CUMBERS KOMBER KUMER CONE CONES COONS have been mistranscribed for Combs-Coombs &c.
If you have come across other spellings related to COMBS-COOMBS or surnames that have been found as mistranscriptions, please advise us. Thank you.
What’s New at Combs &c.
- 31 May 2010 - Combs &c. Families of Pleasants County, Virginia (now WV) and Combs &c. Families of Doddridge County, Virginia (now WV)
- 13 May 2010 -- Combs &c. Families of Webster County, Missouri
- 27 Apr 2010 -- Bible Record of William and Hannah Combs/Coombs HYNES
- 30 Mar 2010 -- Combs &c. Families of Greene County, Arizona
- 19 Mar 2010 -- Combs &c. Families of Faulkner County, Arizona Combs &c. Families of Fulton County, Arizona
- 12 Mar 2010 -- Combs &c. Families of Cross County, Arkansas
- 23 Feb 2010 -- Combs &c. Andersonville Prisoners
- 23 Feb 2010 -- Combs &c. Families of Clay County, Arkansas
- 21 Feb 2010 -- 1911 Census of Ireland Combs &c. extraction Completed. Thanks to Myra Britt.
- 08 Feb 2010 -- Combs &c. Families of Ontario County, New York
For previous updates see our What’s New History.
The Combs-Coombs &c. Research Group
All Volunteer, All Nonprofit
Learn More about Our Combs-Coombs &c. Research Group -- Who We Are, What We Do, Where, How and Why We Do It, and How to Join Us. Thanks to the many people who have contributed to this research project -- fiscal donations, research, time & effort helping to Keep Our Research Project Truly Free!
Copyright Information and Restrictions: The Combs-Coombs &c. Research Group is a nonprofit public benefit corporation and complies fully with USGenNet's Conditions of Use. Our Combs-Coombs &c. Research Reports have been provided for the free, personal use of those engaged in non-commercial genealogical research and any and all commercial use is strictly prohibited. Researchers are encouraged to use the information contained in this work but copying and re-publishing these pages or their contents without the express written consent of The Combs-Coombs &c. Research Group is strictly prohibited. Non-commercial, genealogical websites are hereby granted permission to link to this site without the necessity of obtaining written consent of The Combs-Coombs &c. Research Group on the condition that such links will be immediately disabled if requested by The Combs-Coombs &c. Research Group. Sincerely, The Combs-Coombs &c. Research Group, Email: Webmaster.
Copyright 1996-2010 Combs-Coombs &c. Research Group (a.k.a. Combs &c. Research Group),* All Rights Reserved (formerly Combs &c. Rootsweb Research, Combs-Coombs &c. Rootsweb Research,* Combs &c. Research Forum, and Combs Forum).
*Not affiliated with RootsWeb.com, Inc., a for-profit organization incorporated in California and Delaware, and recently purchased by MyFamily.com/Ancestry.com, also commercial enterprises.
NOTE: Our new Combs Logo was created by Warren Co, TN Researcher Fred Smoot. Most American maps utilized in our Combs &c. Counties Reports were created using Goldbug's AniMap. A number of other graphics are courtesy of our Combs Cousin Pat Orton (web editor extraordinaire) at Pat's Magic.
This site is hosted by , a nonprofit web-hosting service solely supported by tax-deductible donations. If this website has provided you with useful information, please consider making a donation to USGenNet to help keep sites like this online.