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Index to Rev. Col. John Coode

Introduction MD & VA (1634 -1673) (Gerards, Fendall's Revolt, before Coode's arrival in MD)
Coode in Cornwall, England & St. Mary's, MD (1648-1675)
Coode in St. Mary's, MD & VA (1672-1679) (Includes Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia)
Coode & Early Disturbances (1680 - 1688)
Coode's Revolt (1689 -1692) The Glorious Revolution of Maryland
Coode's Later Years (1693 - 1708)

1689 Glorious Revolution of Maryland

The Glorious Revolution in England occurred in 1688 with the bloodless overthrow of James II and the accession to the throne of Mary, his daughter, and her husband William of Orange, a Protestant, who was invited to invade England in this pursuit. James fled in December of 1688. William and Mary thwarted James' favoritism toward Catholics, possibly averting a second civil war, and opening the way to a constitutional monarchy.

In Maryland, the people were fearful that Catholicism would be named the state religion, although the Protestant population was in majority. News of William and Mary's takeover was well received, althought George Calvert, Lord Baltimore, was slow to recognize the new rulers, thus agitating his subjects. A short synopsis of events of the Glorious Revolution in Maryland is available for further reading.

John COODE siezed upon false rumors of an Indian invasion purportedly under control of the Catholic proprietor and the French in early 1689, similar to the false Indian incursions of 1681. John COODE and his co-conspirators formed the Protestant Association to take over the government making it a royal colony under Parliament and the Crown, not a Proprietary Colony answerable to the Lord Baltimore.

The 26th Aprill 1689
May it please your Majesty
We have furthered considered the present condition of Maryland, Penselvania and Carolina, as they are Provinces of great extent and importance to the Crown, but as they have been formerly granted by your Majesty's Predecessors to severall persons in absolute propriety by which Title they claime a right of Government. Wee humbly conceive their present circumstances and relation they stand in to the Government of England to be a matter worthy the consideration of the Parliament for the bringing of those proprietys and dominions under a nearer dependance on the Crown
All which is most humbly
submitted.

(Archives of Maryland, Proceedings of the Council of Maryland, 1687/8-1693, volume 8, p. 100

The Declarations of the Association were presented on 25 July 1689 at the Talbot County courthouse.

…Wee are every day threatened with the loss of our lives, libertys and Estates of which wee have great reason to think ourselves in eminent danger by the practises and machinacons that are on foot to betray us to the French, Northern and other Indians of which some have been dealt withall, and others invited to assist in our distruccon, well remembering the incursion and invade of the said Northern Indians in the year 1681, who were conducted into the heart of this Province by French Jesuits, and lay sore upon us while the Representatives of the Country, then in the Assembly were severely prest upon by our superiours to yield them an unlimited and tyrannicall power in the Affairs of the Militia As so great a piece of villany cannot be the result but of the worst of principles, soe wee should with the greatest difficulty believe it to be true if undeniable evidence and circumstances did not convince Us…
Given under our hands, Maryland the 25th day of July in the first year of their Majesties Reign Anno Dom: 1689.
John COODE Hen. Jowles Jno Cambell Hum: Warren Kenelm CHESELDYNE
Wm Purling Nea BLACKISTONE Ricd Clouds.

(Archives of Maryland, Proceedings of the Council of Maryland, 1687/8-1693, volume 8, pp. 101-107.)

Nehemiah BLACKISTONE and Kenelm CHESELDYNE were brothers-in-law of John COODE and all were sons-in-law of Dr. Thomas GERARD.

On 27 July 1689, the Protestant Associators, about 250 strong, led by Capt. John COODE, captured the capital, St. Mary's, by storming the Assembly House, with some loyalists resisting, namely Col. William DIGGS.

…Thus matters stood untill towards the latter part of July 1689 at which time the people of Virginia did often threaten us and were ready (in great numbers) to come over into Maryland to reduce us alleadging wee were Rebells for not Proclaimeing their Majesties in the mean time news being brought to some of the aforesaid Protestants that the Deputy Governors were fortifying the Court house at St Maries and Matapany garrison and raiseing men to keep the same; they sent over to the Magistrates in Virginia desireing them to restrain the proceedings and designes aforesaid of their people. And there upon about two hundred and fifty Protestants tho very badly provided with Armes and Ammunition marched down to the City of St Maries to know the truth of the aforesaid Report and to desire the Deputy Governors to call an Assembly which had been for a long time prorogued against the desires of all honest men. That speedy course might be taken for the satisfaction of both Protestants and Papists untill orders from England. But when they arrived there they found the said Court house full of armed men made a garrison ready to oppose them. Whereupon they sent into the said Fort the Protestant Declaration demanding to have King William and Queen Mary to be proclaimed and submitted To which they refuseing to do the said Protestants marched up resolutely to the said Garrison and haveing gained the Doores and Windows and being ready to enter Those within did surrender takeing with them their private armes and leaveing the publick armes to the Protestants and then they marched to Matapany Fort about eight miles distant where about four hundred men were in Garrison and demanded surrender of the same to the use of King William and Queen Mary the which they refused for sometime to do. But finding the number of the Protestants to encrease and resolveing to attacke the same They surrendered upon Articles…
John COODE

(Maryland State Archives, Proceedings of the Council of Maryland 1687/8-1693, Volume 8, p. 225-229.)

On 1 August 1689 the Associators siezed the garrison and powder magazine under command of Col. Henry DARNALL. The county's armaments and powder were at the Mattapany Magazine (archeologists have identified the site of the Magazine on the lands of the Patuxtent River Naval Air Station), built on the land of late Provincial Secretary Henry SEWELL (d. 1664). Sewell's widow, Jane LOWE, married Charles Calvert, third Lord Baltimore, in 1666. They lived at Mattapany-Sewell until 1685 when Calvert returned to England. Calvert had built the Magazine in about 1675-1676 during Indian uprisings.

In 1689 John COODE circulated rumors that Seneca Indians had landed at Mattapany-Sewell. Capt. Richard Smith of Calvert County, garrisoned at Mattapany-Sewell, recounted the events of August 1.

…soe having about forty men, SMITH marched with them to Mattapany the garrison and place where the Government then was, COODE and his party had soe possest the minds of the people of the necessity of displacing all papists, for that the Indians were coming forthwith to kill all the Protestants, soe that in few days after Smith being at Mattapany it was beseiged by said COODE, and a strong party of his accomplices, and Mattapany surrendered upon termes, all this while the pretence was against none but papists, but Smith himself being a Protestant and all his men except only four were Protests…
(Archives of Maryland, Proceedings of the Council of Maryland, 1687/8-1693, volume 8, pp. 147-149.)

No blood was shed at the Magazine that day. John Coode presented Col. Henry Darnall with a demand for surrender with very generous terms and Col. Darnall and Gov. Joseph Williams accepted.

September 15 1694
Coll Warrens Acct & List of Armes & Amunicon Taken from Matapony

Guns or ffowling peices disposed of as follows Vizt

To John Sheeles 1
To John Kirke 1
To John Piper at John Wilders in Cha: County 1
To Martin Portwood 1
To ffrancis Bowyers 1
To Edw: Goodday 1
To Charles Carpenter 1
To Mr John LLewellin 1
To John Hoskins 1
To John Bayly at Clements Bay 1
To Richard Clouds 1
To John Tuning 1
To John Graves 1
To Joseph ffowler 1
at my house unfixt & out of Ordr about 18
The Rest Imbezelled plundered & stollen 32
An Accot of Publick Amunition
from Mattapany 4 barrells of Powder
from thence abt 3000 l of Shott
from thence found Afterwards plaistered up in the Wall abt
30001 of Shot more Prest from Mr Husseyes in Cha: County
100 l of Powder of wch made use of and Delivered

Husseys Powder used in Charles County
did Mr Edmondson & the Burgesses of Talbot Co: one barll of
Powder

To Majr Cambell 2 ball of wch Dld Coll Brown of Sumerset 1/2 a barll
To Capt Dent 2 litle Runletts
off the 6000' of Shot Delivered
To Coll Browne Sr 600
To Coll Coleborn 100
To Capt Mitchell 200
To Majr Beale 500
To Capt Dent about 50 Bulletts
To Coll Warren abt 100 Bulletts

An Act of Publick Armes

Brought from Mattapany to St Maries Muskets 194
In the State house Musketts found 51
Now at Thomas Beales of Musketts found at Coll Diggs 22
In all Musketts 267
one fixt Brass blunderbuss 1
one old Iron Blunderbuss wthout a Lock 1
Guns or ffowling peaces 29
Carbines Brought from Mattapany 118
In all Blunder Busses Carbines Muskets & Gunns 149

Carbines Disposed of Vizt

To Coll Warren for Charles County Troope 25
To Capt Courts More to himselfe 1
To Majr John Cambell for Poplar hill Troope 21
T o Coll Warren More for Charles County Troope 5
To Majr Beale for Capt Brightweils Troope 25
To Majr Beale one More 1
To Carbines Stollen 2
To Capt Blakistons Troope 32
Carbines at my house unfixt & wthout Locks 6
118

Musketts disposed of Vizt

To Capt Attaway Compa 30
To Capt Greenhaigh Compa 50
To Capt Mitchells Compa 50
To Kent County being their owne Armes 50
180
To Capt Dent 25
To Coll Jowles for Capt Biggers Compa 20
at my house unfixt & out of Ordr about 20
245
The two Blunderbusses at my house
To Capt Courts about 10 Bullets
To Capt Addison 100 Bullets
Severalls delivered of powder & shott to the Souldiers upon every March wch were not returned
The Rest of the Shott remaines in my house in Charge
Coll Warren
Powder Remaining is
At my house one barrell & halfe
At Majr Cambells a barrell and abt a halfe more
At Capt Blackistones 60 l prest from Wm Barton of which about
41 was used the last March
A Barrell & halfe of Powder at my house to be Delivered to
Coll Warren
One barrell of Ditto at Coll Blackistons 100 l
This is a True Coppy sent me by Capt COODE when he went for England
Hum Warren
(Archives of Maryland, Proceedings of the Council 1693-1697, Volume 20, pp. 205-207.)
September 15 1694. Coll COODS Accot of Armes & Ammunicon &ca
An Account of Publick Armes & Amunition Delivered upon the Surrender of the State house and Mattapany 1689
At Mattapany Musketts 194
At the state house Muskets 51
At Mattapany Carbines 118
In all Carbines & Musketts 363

Powder barlls

At Mattapany barrells 4
More bought a barrell & 1/2 1 1/2

Shott
At Mattapany about 6000 lb

Armes Distributed Musketts______________________

To Capt Attaways Companys 30
To Capt Greenhalgh 50
To Capt Mitchell 50
To Kent County 50
To Capt John Dent 25
To Coll Jowles for Capt Biggars Campa 20
At my house when I went to England unfix to me wthout Stocks some Wthout locks 20
245

Carbines

To Coll Warren for Charles County Troope 25
To Capt Courts to himself 1
To Coll Warren for Ditto troope More 5
To Majr Cambell for Poplčr hill Troop 21
To Majr Beale for Capt Brightweils 25
To Majr Beale more 1
Carbines Stollen 2
To Capt Blakistons Troope 6
Carbines Left at my house unfixed & wthout locks 118
Musketts & Carbines in all 363

Powder Distributed

To Talbot County 1 barrell
To Majr Cambell 1 1/2
To Coll Browne 0 1/2
Coll Warren 1 1/2
in all 4 1/2

Shott Distributed

To Coll Browne 600
To Coll Coleburne 100
To Capt Mitchell 200
To Majr Beale 500
To Coll Warren 200
To Capt Addison Ordr 100
To Mr Blakiston by Govr Copleys Order 3648
5348
Shott did Severall times in small pcells abt 200
5548
The wthin Accot is Just
Jn° COODE

(Archives of Maryland, Proceedings of the Council 1693-1697, Volume 20, pp. 207-209.)

Septr the 25th 1694
Councill Again Sat and were prsent as before.
Mr Josephs Letter about Articles upon Surrendering of Matapany
Produced at the Board a Letter from Mr Josephs directed to his Excency the Goverr and Councill pray that certain Articles enter'd into upon the Surrender of Matapany in the S'd Letter inclosed might be entered upon Record &ca Whereupon Capt COOD Coll BEALE, Mr CHESELDYN & Coll WARREN being sent for and Appearing and Coll JOWLES then likewise Prsent; his Excency Demands whether the S'd Articles be the paper Sign'd by them Whether they think fit the same should be Recorded According to Mr Josephs prayer; who for Answer return the Same is the paper they Sign'd, and that they are not Agt the Recording of it but wth all Signified that Capt COOD had by him their demand before the Articles Reccd and Afterward their Acceptance of the S'd Articles wch they pray may be Recorded together wth them Capt COOD promising to produce the same to this Board the Begining of Next Weeke

(Archives of Maryland, Proceedings of the Council 1693-1697, Volume 20, pp. 207-209.) Octobr the 8th 1694

Capt COOD Appears at the Board and was again read unto him Mr JOSEPHS Letter & Articles about the Surrender of Matapany Upon wch the S'd Capt COOD likewise prduced the first Sumons Sent into the S'd Garison together wth the Surrender made Ordered tht all the papers be entered in the Journall of this Board, wch are as follows Vizt May it please Yor Excency
And this Honoble Board
Mr Josephs Letter about Articles at Mattapany
The inclosed Articles Have I Sacredly hitherto as well prserved as kept, They are the very Originall Sign'd by the Generall, Chief Officers, Comanders, or Grand Councill of that time.
Seaven of the Nine Still live all or most now at St Maries with the Clerk tht Writt'em; and in perpetuam Rei Memoriam Pray, they may be Enter'd and Recorded in such proper Bookes and Offices as yor Excency and this Honoble Board shall thinke fitt, wth Ord'r that in all and every part the same Inviolably be for ever kept, Observed, And performed to all persons whom it Whitehall doth or may Concerne, tht they, wth me, may aliwayes pray
Sepr the 24° 1694 Willm JOSEPH Sumons Sent into Matapany by a Trumpet ffrom our Camp before Matapany Augt the first 1689
Chief Comdrs Sumons Sent into Matapany Garrison
Gentlemen
Wee herewith send you our declaration wch wee would have publickly read. Wee do demand the imiediate Surrender of all their Majties protestant Subjects detained in Yor Garrison.
Wee do demand in their Majties Name and for their Use the imediate Surrender of the Garrison together wth all the Arm's Amunicon and all Manner of Warlike provissions whatsoever therein,
To the Officers and Others in Arm's in the Garrison of Matapany
These Jno COODE Hen: JOWLES Jno CAMBELL Nh BLAIKISTON H: WARRING

(Archives of Maryland, Proceedings of the Council 1693-1697, Volume 20, pp. 142-145.)


1689 The Associators Assembly

On 22 August 1869, the Protestant Associators called for an Association Assembly which was held on 4 September 1689.

1689 September 4. An Ordinance for regulating of Officers Military and Civill and other necessary affairs for the present settlement of this Province…

That for regulating the affairs of the Militia in St Marys County Capt: John COODE Commander in chiefe who is by this Ordinance impowered to raise and command a troop of horse as he shall see convenient, Major John CAMPBELL for St Georges Poplar Hill, Newtowne St Clements bay hundred, Capt: Edward GREENHALD for St Marys, St James, St Inegoes and St Michaels hundreds, Capt. Thomas ATTAWAY for St Clements hundred, Capt: John DENT for Chaptico hundred, Mr Nehemiah BLACKISTONE Capt: of a troope of horse for St Georges, Poplar hill Newtowne and the other hundreds on the east side of St Marys river in the said County and the said Troope of horse to consist of fifty horsemen.

That for regulating the affairs civill in St Marys County Mr Kenelme CHESELDYN, Mr John DENT, Capt: John COODE, Mr Nehemiah BLACKISTONE Justices of the Quorum Major John CAMBALL, Mr Richard CLOUDS, Mr John LLEWELLIN, Mr John WATSON and Mr Edward GREENHALGH Justices, Mr John WATSON, Mr Elias BEECH and Mr Nehemiah BLACKISTONE Coroners, Mr Robert CARSE Sheriffe and Mr William TAYLARD Clerk

(Maryland State Archives, Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly April 1, 1684 - June 9, 1692, Volume 13, p. 240-242.)

Elias BEECH married (by 9 August 1679) Sarah COLE of St. Mary's County, sister of a Richard COLE, and daughter of William Cole. Richard CLOUDS married Judith, widow of John GOLDSMITH, who was transported to Virginia in 1650 by Dr. Thomas GERARD.

4 September 1689
…And Whereas it is thought convenient for the encouragement of trade and dispatch of shipping that naval Officers be appointed in convenient districts in this Province Be it Ordained & enacted by this present Generall Assembly and the authority of the same that Capt: Samuel BOURNE be and is hereby appointed naval Officer for Patuxent river and the bay and Capt: John COODE for Potomack River and Mr Robert KING for Somersett County in this Province to have and to hold the said respective Offices…

(Maryland State Archives, Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly April 1, 1684 - June 9, 1692, Volume 13, p. 246.)

1689 September 4. …And be it likewise Ordained by the authority aforesd that Mr Kenelm CHESELDYN, Capt: John COODE, Mr Nehemiah BLACKISTONE, Coll Henry JOWLES, Mr Gilbert CLARK, Mr John ADDISON and Mr John COURTS or any four of them together with John LLEWELLIN or William TAYLARD their Clerk be and are hereby constituted and appointed a Committee for the whole Province for the allotting, laying and assessing the publick leavy of this Province to meete and conveene at Charles Towne in Charles County on Munday the seaventh day of October next for that purpose…

(Maryland State Archives, Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly April 1, 1684 - June 9, 1692, Volume 13, p. 247.)

…That tenn thousand pounds of tobacco be raised and lodged in the hands of Capt: COODE, Coll: JOWLES and Coll: WARREN as a gratuity from this House to the souldiers late in Armes under their comand vizt four thousand pounds of Tobacco to Captain COODE, three thousand pounds of tobacco to Colonel JOWLES, and thousand to Coll: WARREN for the souldiers to drink their Majesties health, together alsoe with the thanks of this House for their good service, more particularly to Capt: COODE, Mr BLACKISTONE, Col: JOWLES and other the Gentlemen therein more principally concerned.

(Maryland State Archives, Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly April 1, 1684 - June 9, 1692, Volume 13, p. 247.)

Maj. William COMBES, a Protestant, of Talbot County married Elizabeth ROE, daughter of Edward and Mary Roe. Their daughter, Mary Roe, had married John COMBS. Nicholas Lowe was later the second husband of Elizabeth Roe Combes. William COMBS aligned with COODE and the Associators. He signed the Talbot County Associators Petition. COODE rewarded him for his alliegence by appointing him an officer in the county militia and a justice of the court. Col. Henry Darnall wrote that many men aligned with COODE because they believe "COOD rose only to preserve the Country from the Indians and Papists and to proclaim the King and Queen and would do them noe harm."

That for regulating the affairs of the Militia in Talbott County, Mr William COMBES Major of the horse, Mr Thomas HARMAN Capt: of a troope of horse, Mr John STANLEY Capt: of a troope of horse, Mr John DAVIS Capt: of a foot Company in the roome of Mr James MURPHY, Mr Wm BECKSLEY Capt: of a foote Company in the roome of Capt: George COWLEY, Mr Henry ALEXANDER Capt: of a foot Company continued as formerly, Mr Wm CRUMP Capt: of a foot Company continued as formerly and Mr Richard SWEATNAM Capt. of a foote Company in the roome of Capt: KENNIMON.

That for regulating the Affairs Civill in Talbott County. Mr Edward MANN, Mr William COMBES, Mr George ROBOTHAM , Mr Thomas SMITHSON Justices of the Quorum, Mr James SMITH, Mr Henry COURSEY junior, Mr George ROBINS, Mr William HINNEY, Mr Michaell TURBUTE, Mr Thomas FISHER, Mr James SEDGEWICK Justices, Mr George ROBINS and Nicholas LOWE Coroners Mr Samuel WITHERS Sheriffe and Mr Nicholas LOWE Clarke.

(Maryland State Archives, Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly April 1, 1684 - June 9, 1692, Volume 13, pp. 240-242.)

Charles Carrol wrote to Lord Baltimore in England about the Glorious Revolution in Maryland and challenging the legitimacy of the Associator's government.

Charles Carrol to Lord Baltemore St Maryes September the 25th 1689.
My most honrd Lord,
I believe your Lordship has ere now had some intelligence either by Captain Burneham or Johnson of the strange rebellion your ungrateful people of this your Lordship's Province have involved themselves in, moved by the wicked instigations of CODE, JOWLES, BLACKSTON, CHESELDYN PARSON, THURLING and severall others to that degree that they have quite unhinged your Lordship's Government and (as if there were noe justice to be had but such as they please to distribute, or as if the whole body of the Lawes were to be annulled by their wild fancyes) have taken upon themselves to declare your Lordship's charter forfeited as your Lordship may see by their malitious declaration (which the Bearer will shew your Ldp) they have further taken upon themselves to give Comissions to Sheriffs and Justices of their own stamp and constitute other Officers both civill and military utterly excluding not only all Roman Catholiques from bearing any office whatsoever (contrary to an express act of Assembly) but alsoe all Protestants that refuse to joyne with them in their irregularities, imprisoning such of them as declare against their illegal proceedings, and arbitrarily threatening to hang any man that takes upon him to justify your Lordship's right. They have assumed the power of calling an Assembly the Election of which was in most Countyes awed by their souldiers, one County disowned their power and would chuse noe members but in fine they have packed up an Assembly after the most irregular manner that ever was knowne, wherein they have layd down the methods of their future conduct, but is as yet kept private, but I am informed that your Lordship shall speedily have sent you a Copy of their Journall But see it is that neither Catholique nor honest Protestant can well call his life or estate his own and if your Lordship (according to your wonted care & tenderness of your people) by a speedy application and true representation to His Majesty of these most inhuman actions doe not procure some orders whereby to allay their fury a little all your friends here will be reduced to a miserable condition, for dayly their cattle are killed, their horses prest and all the injury imaginable done to them, and to noe other, certainly your Lordship's charter is not such a trifle as to be annulled by the bare allegations of such profligate wretches and men of scandalous lives, as CODE, THURLING, JOWLES and such fooles as they have poysoned by the most absurd lyes that ever were invented, lithe King think that your Ldp or your Deputy Governors have done anything that may render your charter forfeited His Majesty & His Councill know the way of trying it is by a quo warranto which way of proceeding (as I under stand) is not much favoured by the King or Parliament much less I believe will they approve of such unheard of actions as were committed against your Lordship & Governmt by these evill speritts without Commission or order from any superior power, whereby they have not only rebelled against your Lordship but alsoe committed high Treason in takeing up armes as they have done without warrant from His Majesty or your Lordship. I fear I have been too tedious upon this ungratefull subject, yet I could enlarge much more, and would but that the Bearer can informe your Lordship to the full much better then I can he haveing been no small sharer in the grate calamity whereof likewise I had my parte mingled with as hard seasoning of which I am now thank God allmost recovered.
I believe an Act of indemnity with a few exceptions of the most notorious transgressors would prove a great meanes to reduce the people to their obedience; tho' the heads of them are so arrogant as to declare that in case the King should send orders, not to their likeinge, they would not obey them, and a deal of such stuff the Coll: will informe your Lordship at large therefore I will at present conclude with my hearty prayers that your Lordship may meet with noe great difficulties in composeing these matters, as alsoe with a full assurance that I aliwayes shall strive in the station I am in to deserve in some measure the name of My Lord
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _Your Lordship's most humble & most faithful servant
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _Charles Carrol.
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ - 25.-- September 1689.

(Archives of Maryland, Proceedings of the Council of Maryland, 1687/8-1693, volume 8, pp. 124-126.)

28 Nov 1689
The Associator Assembly members sent a letter to William and Mary rejoicing over their accession to the throne in protection of Protestantism. The signatories include several infamous men:

Kenelm CHESELDYNE Edward Redman Henry Lawrence
Jno COODE Upgate Reves John Rose
Neh. BLACKISTON Clement Hely Joh. Davies
Robert Frazer Ric. Clouds James Simmes
John Turling John Dent John Llewellin
George Plater Abraham Price Saml COOKSEY
Tho. LOW Tho. Jordan John Hilton
Edward Henly Daniel Hanley Thomas Sikes
Ralph Foster Joshua Howldsworth Danell Crew
Wm Hodgson John Cheverill Absolon TENNISON
Peter Johnson John Green Robert Fletcher
Edwd Greenhalgh Jo. Watson Henr. Portter
John Greaves James Swann

(Archives of Maryland, Proceedings of the Council of Maryland, 1687/8-1693, volume 8, pp. 145-146.)


1689 Parson Waugh's Tumult (Stafford County, Virginia)

The alarms raised in Maryland were readily communicated to the Virginia side of the Potomac River.

Capt Lawrence WASHINGTON, On the twentieth of this instant I was informed by one Henry Norris that Majr Bell liveing at the head of Patuxen River above thirty miles above him had discovered a fort of foreigne Indians being in number as he could guesse ten thousand and this Instant I was informed by William NEWMAN and I saw the said Newman have from under on Mr HUTCHINSONS hand there was landed on the west of the mouth of Patuxen River about Nine thousand Indians that the above said persons did informe me and likewise that they had kilid one Capt BOURNE and severall others This being from Given by me the Subscriber this
Yr servt John COURTS
26th of March 1689 and in the 23d houre of the day.

To the Honble Coll Wm Digges at his house at St Maries
May it please yr honr, Your letter came to my hand on Wednesday night last late but so soone as I understood upon what accompt it was I got boate and hands and went over in the night Yesterday Coll SPENCER Coll LEE and Coll ALLERTON sate in Council for the Virginians were actually in Armes horse and foote They had a greate deale reason of feare when they were sent such Letters as the Enclosed Coppies which I tooke from the originals sent to Coll Spencer Mr Justass COURTS left his house and Run to Virginy But it is my opinion if old HENLEY had left it on such frivolous occasions our Justass had not bin Master of a house The Virginy Gentlemen are mightily disturbed at them for their sillynesse in comeing and writing to Virga after that nature without better assurances For the Stafford men were wholly intent to kill robb and burne what Capt BRENT had. Whereupon Coll Spencer and the other two Gentlemen Coll Lee and Allerton sent to Capt Brent to goe to Mr FITZHUGHES or Capt MASONS and now Capt Brent is at Capt Fitzhughes his house hath beene searched for Armes etc And the report made to Coll Spencer is he hath not sufficiently neccessary for his owne defence Coll Lee presents his service to your honr tomorrow I goe to Virga aboard deare Yoyes ship to see if I can buy Not else from March 29th 1689
yr honr humble servt
Gilbt Clarke

(Archives of Maryland, Proceedings of the Council of Maryland, 1687/8-1693, volume 8, p. 93.)

Stafford County had a Catholic settlement at Aquia Creek, home of George Brent. Parson John Waugh seized the opportunity to rid the area of Catholics.

1689 (VIRGINIA) Parson [John] WAUGH'S Tumult
…"But in Stafford there was another story. There the people abandoned their plantations and arrayed themselves in arms…The Maryland authorities apparently interpreted this activity as preparations for an invasion of their territory…The BRENTS who lived in Stafford for many years were Catholics. They had been discreet in their relations with their protestant neighbours, and had never been Molested…But Burr HARRISON'S news from Maryland offered an opportunity for fanatical agitation and the incumbent of Overwharton Parish took full advantage of it. This Parson John WAUGH had already been in trouble with the authorities for his lack of respect for the law. He was apparently a natural agitator, what was called at the time "of enthusiastic principles" and courted popularity. Egged on by his son-in-law, the second George MASON, WAUGH'S sermons now stirred the community to frenzy…Over these troubled waters Parson WAUGH rode the whirlwind. Beginning as a colonial Titus Oates, under the inspiration of his fellow enthusiast, John COODE, the whilom parson of Maryland who was about to lead a successful revolution in that province, WAUGH gradually developed into what appeared for a moment to be a menace to the Virginia government. From genereal thunder against the Catholics, he evolved the more dangerous thesis that there "being no King in England, there was no Government here," and that the people should remain in arms in their own defence. This advice, smacking significantly of the doctrine which Lord Baltimore charged FENDALL with preaching in Stafford in 1681, was followed, the alarm spread to the Rappahannock settlements, and serious consequences were averted only by renewed vigorous action on the part of Messrs. SPENCER, ALLERTON and LEE. Assuming the authority of the entire council for the emergency, they…arrested the ring leaders, WAUGH, HARRISON, and WEST, forbade the parson to preach, and suspended George MASON from the command of the Stafford militia…Parson WAUGH was eventually brought before the General Court at Jamestown and there "made a publick & humble acknowledgement…with a hearty penitence for his former faults and a promised obedience for the future…"

(Virginia Historical Magazine, volume 30, pp. 31-37)

John COODE became Commander in Chief and Governor of Maryland from 1689-1690. Nehemiah Blackistone, his brother-in-law succeeded him as governor (1690-1692).


1690-1692 St. Mary's County, Maryland

1690 August 24. Lionel Copley was appointed Governor by William and Mary, thus ending the governorship of John COODE. More importantly, these appointments demonstrated the Crown's lack of respect and trust in COODE and his ideals.
(Maryland State Archives, Proceedings of the Council of Maryland 1687/8-1693, Volume 8, pp. 200.)

In 1690 several Protestant Association petitions were sent from Calvert and Talbot Counties to William and Mary, pledging loyalty and repudiating the activity of John COODE.

John COODE went to London in 1690 to explain his actions in Maryland during the Glorious Revolution and to seek support for the Associator government. See Charges and Counter Charges concerning these proceedings.

1690 May 7.
Wee doubt not his Majestie has by this time (by some of the severall Papers wee have sent) account of our dutyfull and humble Petitions and Endeavours for his Service, The first wee sent were taken by the French but Captaine Thomas EVERARD Commander of the Thomas and Susanna wee under stand is well arrived, Who had the originall address to his Majestie under the hands of the Representatives of the whole Province in a full and free convention But wee doubt the said EVERARD suffered the said address to be concealed or intercepted by one Colonell Henry DARNALL who got on board the said EVERARD and went home with him to England a Person the Lord Baltemore raised from the meanest condition to be keeper of his great seale and one of the most crimminall of any of his deputies for the many treasonable endeavors and expressions against their Majesties and the many cruelities and opressions committed upon their subjects of this Province of whome and of whose behaviour in some considerable particulars of this nature one Captain William GINNIS, Captaine George COMBES and Captaine Robert GOODINGS can informe who sailed home last yeare without their full clearing, the said DARNALL refusing to signe the same with the Collector in King William's name, with many violent and unbecoming expressions against his Royaltie, We humbly represent that wee shall be always ready when it shall be agreeable to the Royall Will and Pleasure to prove and justifie what is set forth in our Declaration (with a great deal more) not only against the Lord Baltemore's late deputies but his Lordshipp himselfe and humbly begg that the false insinuations and reports of his Lordshipp or his instruments the said DARNALL whereby they have endeavored to create a prepossession of greate Plunders and rapins committed by the protestants upon the Papists here may have no Credit with his Majestie or your Lordshipps which is as false as wee shall aliways be readie to answeare our Proceedings before God and the King. Wee have onely to Petition his Majestie would be graciously pleased to command the speedie Bringing to tryall the murtherers of Mr John PAINE his Majestie's late Collector who are now in Virginia. humbly begging your Lordshipps pardon for this trouble
I subscribe Your Lordshipps most obedient humbly devoted Servant
John COODE.

(Maryland State Archives, Proceedings of the Council of Maryland 1687/8-1693, Volume 8, pp. 177-179.)

20. Nov: 1690.
To the Kings most Excellent Majesty
The humble Petition of Charles Lord Baltemore.
Sheweth
That yr MajtY by yor Letter sent to Maryland of date the first of February last was pleased to give Orders to the Persons the same was directed to, to suffer yor Petitioner or his Agents to collect the Revenues ariseing there, that pursuant thereunto yor Petr hath been at great charge and expence in sending a person to Maryland for that purpose But that not withstanding your Majesties said order yor Petrs Agent is returned without being suffered to collect anything of the Publick Revenue there to the great Detrement of your Petitioner. That one John COODE and one Kenelm CHESELYN two of the Ringleaders of the disturbers of your Petrs Governmt and who have got the greatest part of the said Revenues into their hands are landed at Plimouth and as yr Pet' is informed by Persons lately come to Town from thence are there embezelling and spending the same. Yor Petitioner most humbly prays yr Maty that you will graciously be pleased to give order for the sending for the said COODE and CHESELDYN to prove (if they are able) their former Declaration against yor Petr And alsoe to answere the just Complaints of your Petr before yor MajtY and to make satisfaction for the great wrongs and injuries yr Petitioner hath suffered by them. And your Petr further humbly prayes your MajtY that what part of the said Revenue is not already paid unto the said COODE and CHESELDYN and their Agents by the Comanders of Shipps or others yor MajtY will graciously be pleased to give Order that the same be paid to yr Petr it being the only support of your Petitioner and his Family here.
And as in duty bound yor Petr shall ever pray &c:
(Endorsed)
Referr'd by Order of the

(Maryland State Archives, Proceedings of the Council of Maryland 1687/8-1693, Volume 8, p. 210.)

To the Kings most Excellent Majtie
Maryland
The humble Petition of several of your Maties Loyal Protestant Subjects, and ancient Inhabitants of your Province of Maryland, and lately from thence here arrived, in behalf of themselves and most of the Inhabitants of the said Province.
Sheweth
That your Petrs have for many years enjoy'd the blessing of Peace under the mild Government of the Lord Baltemore and his Father and have been equal partakers of their Justice as well as favours with your Majties subjects there of other perswasions, untill of late your Petrs have been by the malicious designs and wicked Practices of one John COODE and his Accomplices disturbed and deprived of their long continued happiness and yor Majties peaceable and Dutifull subjects have been most barbarously and inhumanly treated by them, having not only in a Tumultuous manner wrested the Government into their owne hands, seizing the Publick Records wherein is the security of your Petitioners Estates and reposing them in the hands of unfitt persons that arbitrarily seized and plundered your Petr's estates and imprisoned their Persons to the ruine of themselves and families, and have violently perverted the Laws of the Province having done what their own wicked Wills suggested which they maintain by force seeking to shelter their oppressions from your Majesties Ears by covering their Actions with the pretence of Zeale for your Majties service, not regarding your Majesties gracious coffiands by your Royal Letter of the first of February in the first year of your Reigne for the preservation of the peace of the said Province; and unjustly stileing those who will not join with them Traytors to your MLs Government Notwithstanding your Petitionrs (as like wise several hundreds of your Majesties Protestant subjects of that your Province and who abhor the Actions of the said COODE and his Complices) no sooner received notice of your Majesties happy Accession to the Crowne but that they shewed themselves with all possible Demonstrations of Joys and only waited your Majesties Orders for your being proclaimed, The Declaration of the said COODE. and eight more persons, which he falsely says to be that of your Majestie's Protestant subjects of Maryland being most notoriously false as were also the subscriptions to the Addresses they presented to your Majtic forged as your Petitioner can make appear; Which per sons have also levied Taxes on us illegally. Those and many other grievances and Irregularities which are set forth in several Addresses of your Majties subjects of that your Province (and here ready in all humble manner to be tendred to your Majtie) will inevitably in a short time bring that your Mats flourishing Province into Ruine and Confusion, unless your Majtie shall in your princely wisdom interpose your Royall Authority to put a stop thereto.
Your Petitioners therefore most humbly pray your Majtie That you will graciously be pleased to give your Orders that the said John COODE together with one Kenelm CHESELYN, who is one of his Accomplices and are both now here in London. may be sent for before your Majtie to answer the Complaints occasioned by the aforesaid oppressions of your Petitioner, and that your Majtie will be pleased to grant such Redress to your Petr against the said Coode and his Accomplices as upon making appear our said Grievances to your Majtie your Majtie in your Princely Justice and wisdome shall think fit.
And your Petr (as in duty bound) shall ever pray &c:
John Lillingston George Lingan Henry Coursey Thomas Knighton Miles Gibson Thomas Tailler John Hinson. Samuel Chew Richard Hill Abraham Wilde. Edward Dorsey.

(Maryland State Archives, Proceedings of the Council of Maryland 1687/8-1693, Volume 8, p. 212-213.)

John COODE and his supporters wrote a list of 32 articles of indictment against Lord Baltimore and 19 against the Deputy Justices and ministers of Lord Baltimore.

Appointing none but Irish Papists and his owne relacons for the most part to have the Cheife Governing authority over the Inhabitants here.
2. Erecting and founding of Chappells for the Popish superstition to the encouragmt of Popery and subvertion of the Protestant religion the Preists clayming the Ecclesiasticall libertyes and priviledges of the church of Rome and exerciseing papall J urisdiccon from the encouragemt of the first Act of Assembly still in force in this Province being invested with the best and richest Lands for the maintenance and support of them and a popish Clergie.
3. Causeing to be apprehended his Majesties Protestant Subjects by armed Papists in time of Peace without warrant or cause of comittment exhibited and confined by long and tedious imprisonment before Tryall.

19. Actually murdering Mr Christopher Rousby and Mr John Payne his Majesties Collectors here the first in the yeare 1684. the latter in the yeare 1689. by meanes of Coll: Talbott and Major Sueall both his Lordspps Deputies and the same owned and Justified by them and their adherents.

H. P. Jowles. Henry Trippe Nea BLACKISTON John Thomas. Rich: Gassaway Tho: Stavy. Nicholas Greenberry Edward Jones John Edmondson Jno COODE Geo: Robotham Kenelm CHESELDYN David Browne. Rob: King. John Courts. Ninion Beale. John Brooke.

(Maryland State Archives, Proceedings of the Council of Maryland 1687/8-1693, Volume 8, p. 216-220.)

The Answer of John COODE and Kenelm CHESELDINE
Maryland
Agents and Commissioners from the late Convention of their Majesties Province of Maryland on behalfe of the said Convention and themselves to a Paper Exhibitted against them:
To the Kings most Excellent Majesty by Richard Hill Henry Coursey George Wells George Lingham, Edward Dorsey &c: The Chief and most of which were the Protestants that opposed their present Majesties Right and Tytle to the Allegiance Obedience and subjection of their said Majesties subjects in the said Province.

3 of the Peticrs As to the first Allegation in the said Paper, that sd Taylour they petition on behalfe of themselves and most & Lillingston of the Inhabitants of the said Province is false For at the they can produce no power or qualification from Revolution any other persons whatsoever. The whole Province (as by Addresses from the severall Counties heretofore delivered in and now ready to be delivered to their Majesties fully manifesting the contrary as well as severall persons (viva voce) to testify the same.

As to the second Allegation That the Province hath in his Lordspp and his Father's time enjoyed a continuall peace and that persons of all perswasions have enjoyed equall favours from the Government is also untrue. Witness the Insurrection at the Clifts occasioned by his Lordspps Writts of Elleccon comanding Four Representatives for each County to be elected as an Assembly out of which Four, his Lordspp afterwards called only two that he thought most fitt for his Interest to be an Assembly who laid the greatest Levy upon the People that ever was laid in that Province. Which they refused to pay as not being laid by their legall Representatives and for which three of them were condemned and two of them executed. Witness also the Comotions in the said Province upon his Lordspps arrivall there in the time of the Popish Plott. As also upon the Indians killing divers English at the Lower end of the Towne (being a place there so called) and ever since have the people beene in continuall feares and jealousies of the French and Northern Indians who often pass by the Confines of the said Province with French Priests who were acquainted with the English and Irish Preists there inhabiting, and as to the equall enjoyment of favours as is pretended. It is well known that of late yeares there have not been any Protestants preferred to Offices were there were Papists fitt to enjoy the same That of all perswasions there, the Church of England have had the least encouragement and respect.

And as to that Clause, in the said Paper wherein they maliciously charge the said John COODE and his Accomplices to be the Disturbers of the Province and changers of the Government These Respondts do deny that either he the said COOD or any by his order or Privity ever unjustly disturbed or changed the same But do say that five moneths after their present Majesties were settled in the Throne and the generality of their dominions had submitted to them and after they were proclaimed in Virginia the adjacent Country and all other their Majesties Colonies in America of which the Popish Government of Maryland were as well assured as they could be of any matter of Fact. The said Deputy Governours (with the Papists and severall of the aforesaid Petitioners their Adherents) disclaiming their Allegiance to their Majesties and politickly disarmeing the Protestants denying to call the Assembly to examine the Confederacy charged on them by Indians by whom they were accused as well as the English useing daily invectives against their Majesties persons and Government and all the Protestant Peers of the Realm conniveing at and encourageing all others to do the same, binding Protestants to their good behaviour endeavouring to imprison others for the least shew of their allegiance sending Warrants for such as but read or heard any of their Majesties Proclamacon or the Parliament Papers termeing them Treason able Papers and those that read or heard them or should but say God Bless the King Traitors daily broaching lyeing news (as they pretended sent to the Preists and Jesuitts from all parts of the French Kings invinceable Army to conquer England and the late King James his Victory in Scotland and Ireland and his great party in England to joyn with them to subdue the Rebells as they termed the Protestants as also the great strength of the French and Canada Indians if occasion served to invade the Province and other their Majesties Protestant Colonies in those Parts praying publickly in their Popish Chappells for the Irish and French success against the English and daily drinking health to the same wishing the arrivall of that golden day as they termed it To the great terrour of the Protestants and encouragement of the Papists The Protestants standing continually upon their guards and some flying for fear into Virginia so enraged the people as that it was not easy to restraine them from riseing tho they had no armes nor amunition to defend themselves and the more thinking men were plunged in their minds what course to take For Armes and Ammunition they had not to defend themselves and to depart the Province was to ruine their Estates and Familyes and stay they could not with safety without owneing their Allegiance to the late King James and fidelity to that present Popish Government thereby denying their Faith Allegiance Mary land and subjection to their present Majesties which would have been high Treason and adhereing to their Enemies against the conscience and interest of all good Protestants and to involve them into the same crimes of Disloyalty with their Enemies and subject them to the penaltyes of the Law for High Treason. Whereupon the most eminent Protestants in the Province associated themselves with this Resolution That as God Almighty had given their Majesties a just call to the Crown to whom their Faith and Allegiance was due so according to their Duty and the Laws of the land they would with their lives and fortunes mainteyne their Majesties Right and Title to the Faith and Allegiance Obedience and subjection of their subjects in the said Province.

Thus matters stood untill towards the latter part of July 1689 at which time the people of Virginia did often threaten us and were ready (in great numbers) to come over into Maryland to reduce us alleadging wee were Rebells for not Proclaimeing their Majesties in the mean time news being brought to some of the aforesaid Protestants that the Deputy Governors were fortifying the Court house at St Maries and Matapany garrison and raiseing men to keep the same; they sent over to the Magistrates in Virginia desireing them to restrain the proceedings and designes aforesaid of their people. And there upon about two hundred and fifty Protestants tho very badly provided with Armes and Ammunition marched down to the City of St Maries to know the truth of the aforesaid Report and to desire the Deputy Governors to call an Assembly which had been for a long time prorogued against the desires of all honest men. That speedy course might be taken for the satisfaction of both Protestants and Papists untill orders from England. But when they arrived there they found the said Court house full of armed men made a garrison ready to oppose them. Whereupon they sent into the said Fort the Protestant Declaration demanding to have King William and Queen Mary to be proclaimed and submitted To which they refuseing to do the said Protestants marched up resolutely to the said Garrison and haveing gained the Doores and Windows and being ready to enter Those within did surrender takeing with them their private armes and leaveing the publick armes to the Protestants and then they marched to Matapany Fort about eight miles distant where about four hundred men were in Garrison and demanded surrender of the same to the use of King William and Queen Mary the which they refused for sometime to do. But finding the number of the Protestants to encrease and resolveing to attacke the same They surrendered upon Articles and thereupon a convention of the cheife of the Inhabitants fairly elected by the people did meet and altho the Protestants kept all the said Articles inviolable yet notwithstanding the said Deputy Governors endeavoured by all wicked meanes possible to pervert and draw the people from their Allegiance to their Majesties and stirr them up to Rebellion and obstruct the said Convention from settling the Countrey in Peace and quietness untill order from their Majesties which notwithstanding they proceeded unto. And first of all pursuant to their Duty they caused their Majesties to be proclaimed and drew up an Address to them and then proceeded to settle the Province untill Orders from them, as first to settle the Military and civill Officers continueing all Protestants in their places and removeing all Papists and putting Protestants in their Rooms pursuant to their Majesties Declaration and continued all the Tempoary Laws in the Province laid the publique Levy which (notwithstanding the great occasion) was the least that had beene in that Province for many yeares tho they also paid the debts of the old Governmt out of the same and then drew all up into an Ordinance of Assembly whereby those matters do more fully appeare, after which the Deputy Governts and severall of the Petitioners their Adherents (being of the Lord Baltemores Comission) did on the behalfe of King James endeavour all they could to raise Rebellion against their Majesties in all the parts of the Province In the opposeing of which if any received Damage it is more then those Respondts know or ever heard of before there being none done by them or their Order And do verily beleive there was none done by any other But if any such there were lett them prove the same agat those that did it, and the Law is open for their Remedy the Convention never giveing authority thereto.

As to that other part of the charge in the said Paper of acting contrary to their Majesties Letter These Respondts humbly conceive that the Convention hath given sufficient Answer in their last Letter to their Majesties unto which they do in all humility desire to be referred.

As to the generall charge of Forgery in the latter part of the aforesaid Petition to his Majesty These Respondts know not to whom it relates and do therefore look upon it to be a notorious Falsehood forged by themselves

And the Respondts do humbly desire that the Depositions Evidences and Papers relateing to the prmisses ready to bee produced to this Right Honble Board may be read and heard.
(Endorsed)
Mr Coode &c:—
Answere to the petition
Read the 22d Dee: 1690.

(Maryland State Archives, Proceedings of the Council of Maryland 1687/8-1693, Volume 8, p. 225-229.)


1692 St. Mary's County, Maryland

1692 May 31. Mr Samll COOKSEY Navall Officer for Potomack District appeared here to rendr his Acct and rendered an Acct what Capt John COODE had received before his voyage to England and since the time of his being Navall Officer.

(Maryland State Archives, Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly April 1, 1684 - June 9, 1692, Volume 13, pp. 364.)

Memorandum as to what words was Spoken by Mr Francis PERKINS Merchant of London on the 28th Day of April 1692 at London Town in Ann Arundell County in the hearing of us whose names are underwritten Vizt the said Perkins said that he was on Board Captain Browns Ships in Plymouth when Captain COOD came on Board the said Ship, and the said Cood enquired of the said Brown for one Benjamin RICARD who he Expected to find there bound for Maryland, But the said Brown did tell him that no such person was there; Whereupon the said Captain Cood desired the said Brown to permitt him a passage on Board the Ship Bayley, Mr Peregrine BROWNS Ship riding in the same Harbour, and the said Cood going on Board the said Ship with Captain John Brown where the said Cood met with the said Benjamin Ricard, and there delivered unto him a Pacquet of Letters directed to this Province of Maryland for their Majestys Service; But after the two Browns Ships were out at Sea, and Coll COURSEY & Captain Hynson Passengers in the said Peregrine Browns Ship & Mr LILLINGSTONE and Mr LINGAN Passengers in John Brown's Ship, they made many Visits some times on Board one Ship and the other; & Coursey, HINSON, Lillingstone, Lingan with Mr Peregrine Brown and some others in the said Ship did all Agree and Resolve to make a private Search in the said Ship to find out the said Pacquet of Letters and if they could by any ways find them out was all agreed to break them open and see the Contents what was in them but could not tell whether the said Letters was found or not no other. ways then that he did hear the said Ricard say that such a Pacquet of Letters had been taken out of his Chest.
Nicholas Greenberry
James Saunders
William Hopkins

(Maryland State Archives, Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly April 1, 1684 - June 9, 1692, Volume 13, pp. 289.)


The Maryland Protestant Revolution of 1689
Combs &c. Families of Maryland

Index to Rev. Col. John Coode

Introduction MD & VA (1634 -1673) (Gerards, Fendall's Revolt, before Coode's arrival in MD)
Coode in Cornwall, England & St. Mary's, MD (1648-1675)
Coode in St. Mary's, MD & VA (1672-1679) (Includes Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia)
Coode & Early Disturbances (1680 - 1688)
Coode's Revolt (1689 -1692) The Glorious Revolution of Maryland
Coode's Later Years (1693 - 1708)

Edited by Combs Researcher George Baumbach from Archives of Maryland and other sources noted.

Go to George's Genealogical Filing Cabinet (Cody-Ridge-Combs families)

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