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Soulbury, Buckinghamshire, England
All Saints Church, Soulbury Parish, Bucks
Photo courtesy Buckinghamshire County Council
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Soulbury Parish is in the hundred of Cottesloe in County Bucks. Within the bounds of the parish are the hamlet and manor of Liscombe, Bragenham (originally "Bracca's farm"), Chelmscote and Hollingdon. Surrounding Soulbury (clockwise) are Stoke Hammond parish to the north; Great Brickhill to the northeast; Linslade parish to the southeast; Liscombe to the south; Stewkley parish to the southwest; and Standlake to the northwest.
Liscombe House, Soulbury, Bucks, 1908
Photo courtesy Buckinghamshire County Council
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Thus far, the family of John and Elizabeth LOVETT Combe and the earlier Barnard (2) and Mary COMBS are the only COMBES found in Soulbury (parish records reviewed thru 1677). The only neighboring Bucks parishes with Combes are
Soulbury is near the Bedfordshire border, being only three miles west northwest of Leighton-Buzzard, Bedfordshire (where Sir Robert & Ann SAUNDERS Lovett, parents of Elizabeth LOVETT Combe, married); and only 3.1 mi. from Wing, Bucks (Wing and Great Brickhill are the closest parishes to Soulbury where other COMBS have been located).
See also Parishes within 21 miles of Soulbury.
Soulbury is described in the "History and Topography of Buckinghamshire" by James Joseph Sheahan, 1862, as:
"…with the hamlets hereinafter noticed, contains 4460 acres, and 589 inhabitants. On the east side it is, partly, separated from Bedfordshire by the river Ouse. The London and North Western Railway, and the Grand Junction Canal intersect it - the former occupying 23A. 2R. 6P. ; and the latter, 13A. 3R. 3P. The rateable value of the parish is £7732. Soulbury parish is 7 miles in length, and contains, it is said, upwards of 17 miles of roads. The Village, which is situated 3 miles N.W. from Leighton Buzzard [Bedfordshire], is about half-a-mile in length, and the houses are mostly ancient and covered with thatch. The southern end of it is pleasantly seated on the brow of a hill, from which issues a copious spring of pure water. The country around is well wooded."
From the "Magna Britannia: Buckinghamshire", S. and D. Lysons, 1806, and Soulbury, Bucks, Gen-UKI, 2000:
"Soulbury, in the hundred of Cotslow and deanery of Muresley, lies on the Bedfordshire side of the county, about three miles north-west of Leighton-Busard [Leighton-Buzzard, Bedfordshire] and about five miles south of Fenny-Stratford. The manor was in the Mansells during a great part of the thirteenth century. It is now (together with the manors of Liscombe and Hollingdon, hamlets in this parish) the property of Sir Jonathan LOVETT bart. whose ancestors were possessed of them as early as the reign of Edward the Second, probably by purchase from the MANSELLS. Sir Jonathan LOVETT, the present proprietor, was of a younger branch of the family who had been settled for a long period at Kingwell, in the county of Tipperary [Ireland]. Upon the failure of the elder branch he succeeded to the Buckinghamshire estate, and in 1781 was created a baronet. The seat at Liscombe is a quadrangular building; one side is occupied by a chapel which, by the style of its architecture, appears to have been built about the middle or latter end of the fourteenth century; the house is of much later date, no part of it appearing to be older than the reign of Queen Elizabeth: the windows have been modernized. Among the portraits at Liscombe are several of the Lovett family; a half length of Charles BRANDON, Duke of Suffolk , with a pink in his hand; the first Earl of Bedford, a half length, on board, dated 1555; Sir Nicholas CRISPE, in armour; Sir Edmund VERNEY, standard bearer to King Charles I. who was slain at Edghill; Archbishop SANCROFT; Titus OATES, &c. In the parish church are some monuments of the LOVETTS.
"The impropriate rectory, which formerly belonged to Woburn abbey, is now the property of Sir Jonathan LOVETT. The curacy, or donative, is in the gift of the crown, but the LOVETT family have been allowed to enjoy the patronage ever since the year 1642, when Sir Robert LOVETT left the sum of 40 l. per annum. as an augmentation of the curacy to be paid by his heirs, on condition that they should be allowed to nominate the curate, whose salary was before only 8 l. per annum. A charity school for 24 children was founded by the LOVETT family in 1714. The manor and liberty of Soulbury, with the hamlet of Hollingdon was inclosed pursuant to an act of parliament passed in 1772, when an allotment of land was assigned to the impropriator in lieu of tithes. The other hamlets in this parish are Liscombe (already spoken of) Bragenham, where was formerly a chapel of ease, and Chelmscote. The manor of Bragenham is the property of the Hon. Mary LEIGH, whose family purchased it of the THEEDS in 1735. The manor of Chelmscote has passed with that of the neighbouring parish of Linslade, and is now the property of Andrew CORBET esq.
"In a distant part of this parish, near Great-Brickhill, is Stockgrove, the seat of Edward HANMER esq. whose manor of Smewnes extends partly into this parish."
1. "A fine of this estate was then levied on the marriage of an ancestor of Sir Jonathan LOVETT'S, with one of the TOURVILLE family."
2. "Inscribed "Carolus Brandon dux Suffolciæ, præses Henrici oct. qui fuit (ex parte matris) frater Humphridi Tyrrell domini de Thornton in com. Buck. Qui Humphridus sponsavit filiam unicam et hæredem Roberti Ingleton domini de Thornton cancellarii se ci regis & unius prædicti regis concilii privati."
The Lovetts of Soulbury Parish did not become lords of the manors of Soulbury and Liscombe until 1301 (Lovett Memorials…). Liscombe is not found in the Domesday surveys, but the manor of Soulbury appears as "Soleberie," with the Domesday entry (abstracted) "Payne from William FitzAnsculf; Roger from Miles Crispin; Hugh de Beauchamp; Jocelyn le Breton; Azelina, Ralph Tailbois' wife; Godwin the Beadle." (The Domesday Book). Other Bucks manors in the parish of Soulbury that were held by the Lovetts included Hollingdon (modern), described in Domesday as "Holedene/Holendene: PAYNE from William FitzANSCULF; Nigel from Miles CRISPIN."
Soulbury Parish Records 1594-1677 were transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff who adds: Since the record pages are unnumbered I numbered them arbitrarily in order of appearance on film. I utilized two Latin word lists to interpret some of the earliest entries and have written my interpretation in brackets. At the end of each entry I have added the year as it is indicated for a group of entries in the record even if it was not in the actual entry to make a complete intrepretation of the event. The transcribed records include COMBES and LOVETT surnames, and I also found GOFFE and SANDERS. GOFFES had associations with COMBES in Colonial Virginia and Maryland. SANDERS (SAUNDERS) was the maiden name of Elizabeth LOVETT Combes' mother. I found no ARCHDALE or NEVITT entries. I did find KENNELL which could be KENDALL and I also found BAYLIS. I will be reviewing the names and dates as they were extracted to see if I can relate to those items in this list for which I was unable to decipher the information. If I am still uncertain of the data, I will write the Buckinghamshire Record Office for further assistance.
The Buckinghamshire County Council's Family History site shows Soulbury Parish records have been filmed for Christenings, 1594-1838; Marriages, 1623-1992 (filmed to 1838); and Burials, 1624-1893. (Note: This excellent site includes numerous resources for historians, including not only Bucks resources, but information about and links to many other sources).
Court of Chancery: Six Clerks Office: Early Proceedings, Richard II to Philip and Mary [22 Jun 1377 - 17 Nov 1558]. C 1/1448/54-56. "Lawrence LOVETT, esquire, son and heir of Richard LOVETT, v. Thomas FARNALL alias LONDON.: Messuage and land in Soulbury of the grant of John MYLLIETT of Liscombe.: BUCKS." (Combs &c. Extractions from the PRO Catalogue, C Series - record not yet acquired)
Laurence LOVETT was the son of Richard and Alice MARTIN Lovett according to Lovett Lineages (Heraldic Visitations and Burke's Lineages). Laurence LOVETT married Elizabeth WILLIAMS, daughter of Sir Reginald Williams of Thame Park, Oxfordshire some time prior to 1531.
1608-9 (7th Year, James I) Sheriff of Buckinghamshire: "Robert LOVET, Knt. Seat, Liscombe. Arms, Argent three Wolves passant in pale Sable, armed and langued Gules." (Gen-UKI's Sheriffs of Buckinghamshire)
Sir Robert LOVETT was the son of Francis and Anne CRISP Lovett, and grandson of Laurence and Elizabeth WILLIAM Lovett.
07 Jul - 15 Sep 1618 Will of Hugh SMYTH of Soulberry Co. Bucks who deceased 7 Julie 1618 "I have intreated and appointed my good master Sr Robert LOVELL knight & Humfrey MONOUX gent. to bee overseers." Proved at Aylesbury [Bucks], 15 Sept. 1618 Register 1618,i,folio 10d. (Extracted by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff from "Abstracts of Buckinghamshire Wills 1601-1652 at Probate Registry, Lincoln, England." Typed and indexed by S. Allyn Peck. NY NY, 1951, Source: FHC #0908915 Item 5, Index of Persons By Will Number: LOVELL, Sir Robert: 55A)
DKM Note: The "ll" and "tt" name endings are sometimes mistaken since the formation of the letters is often the same with the exception of the cross on the "t" and the ink sometimes is so thin on the old records it is extremely difficult to decipher. A check of this entry indicates that this person may be Sir Robert LOVETT, the father of Elizabeth LOVETT who married John COMBE 08 Jul 1630 at Soulbury, Bucks (See Below). The LOVELL name would have to ruled out first, however (See Also 1646 Christopher LOVETT/Ann LOVELL record under Drapers Company).
27 Dec 1621 Soulbury Parish. Married: Frauncis_ LOVET and Joh. GARWAY (IGI, Ba: E130061, So: 496686, not transcribed; however, see Lovett Families)
Frances LOVETT, was the daughter of Sir Robert LOVETT by his first wife, Susan (BROOKE?).
Dec 1624 "Mary COMOS was buried the ???? [indecipherable] day of December." (Transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, p. 12, by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff)
May 1625 "Bernard COOMS was buried the ???? [indecipherable] day of May." (Transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, p. 12, by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff)
Notes: Neither Mary, nor Bernard COMBS (etc.) have been identified; however, see 1628 below. Also note that Barnard was a given name in the ARCHDALE Family.
1624 "Richard GOFFE and Susan BUCKMASTOR were married the ???th day of October." (Transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, p. 37, by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff)
See Richmond Co VA re Combs-Goff-Kendall Families. It is not known as yet if there is a possible relationship (research in progress).
1624 "Francos? SAUNDERS amd Susan LOVOTT were married the 22th day of September" (Transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, p. 37, by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff)
Susan LOVETT was the younger of two children of Sir Robert LOVETT by his first wife. He married second 24 Oct 1610 at Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire, Ann SAUNDERS. The relationship, if any, between Francis SAUNDERS and Ann SAUNDERS, second wife of Robert LOVETT, remains unknown. It is of additional interest due to the marriage of Gilbert COMBE and Joane SAUNDERS in 1603 in Great Brickhill Parish, Bucks, which is only 2-1/4 mi. from Soulbury.
1624/1625? "Francifca LOVETT filia Roberti baptizata decimo Martii anno predicto(?)" [Francisca Lovett daughter of Robert baptized 10 March 1624/1625] (Transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, p. 4, by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff)
Consideration should be given to the possibility that the above may have been a male rather than a female given that (1) Sir Robert LOVETT had a daughter, Frances, by his first wife, Susan BROOKE, who m (1) Sir Ambrose WILLOUGHBY; and (2) on 27 Dec 1621 in Soulbury, Bucks, John GAREWAY; and (2) that a Francis LOVETT, s/o "Robert of Solbery Bucks mil," was apprenticed as a Draper for 8 years on 21 Nov 1640 (Combs &c. of the Drapers Company). The usual age at apprenticeship was 15-17, thus a birth year range of 1624-1626.
1625. "Deborah LOVETT filia Roberti baptiza…." [page torn and missing. Deborah LOVETT daughter of Robert baptized 1625 (probably February or March). (Transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, p. 4, by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff who adds: Note that this entry appears after entries that are for the months April through February. Therefore, the baptism for Deborah should have occurred during February or March given the April through March order typically used in making parish record entries at this parish.)
No mention is made of a daughter, Deborah, in other sources.
Oct 1627 "Edwardus LOVETT filius Richardi baptizatus decimo quarto Octobris." [Edward Lovett son of Richard baptized 14 October 1627] (Transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, p. 5, by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff)
This may be in error (Richard instead of Robert) since a memorial exists in the Tawstock, Devonshire church that states that Edward (s/o Robert & Ann SAUNDERS Lovett) died in 1702 at age 74 (born ca 1627). (Lovett Memoirs )
1628 "Bernard COOMS and Mary WORFLER were married ye 5th of May." (Transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, p. 37, by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff who adds: COOMS could be a name like COLLINS; WORFLER could be WORSTER or other combination of letters) SW: WORSLER
Could this be a son of the 1624 Bernard COMBS above?
1628 "Penelope LOVETT filia Roberti baptizata fuit quarto Novembris." [Penelope LOVETT daughter of Robert she was baptized 4 November 1628.] (Transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, p. 5, by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff)
1628 [1628/29] "Penelope LOVET was buried the 1 day of Februariey." (Transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, p. 13, by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff)
1629 "Mary GOFFE was buried the 5th day of Aprill." (Transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, p. 13, by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff)
1629 "Rogerus GOFFE filius Rogeri baptizatus fuit versjunio? octavo dio February" [Roger GOFFE son of Roger he was baptized on the twenty eighth day of February 1629] (Transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, p. 6, by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff)
1629 "Christopher LOVETT filius Roberti baptizatus fuit vudscimo die Aprilis." [Christopher LOVETT son of Robert he was baptized ? on ? April 1629.] (Transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, p. 6, by COMBS Researcher Denise Mortorff)
Christopher LOVETT son of "Robert of Liscombe Bucks mil dec," was apprenticed as a draper on 08 Jul 1646 to Robert MOWLSWORTH for eight years by Dna Anna LOVELL [sic] of Solebury Bucks." (see below).
1629 "Roger GOFFE and Ane CHANLER [a.k.a. CHANDLER?] were married the 2 day of Anno." [27 Mar 1629/30] (Transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, p. 38, by COMBS Researcher Denise Mortorff)
8 Jul 1630 "John COMBES and Elizabeth LOVETT were married ye 8th of July." (Transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, p. 38, by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff)
Elizabeth LOVETT, daughter of Sir Robert and Anne SAUNDERS Lovett, was christened 3 Apr 1614 at Wotton Underwood, Bucks. It is not known if their marriage took place at All Saints or in the Liscombe chapel.
1631 "Penelope LOVET filia Roberti baptizata fuit fextio die Aprilis." ["Penelope LOVET daughter of Robert she was baptized 6 April 1631"] (Transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, p. 7, by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff)
1631 [1631/2?] "Elizabeth COMBE filia Johannis baptizata fuit vicesunio secunde January." [Elizabeth COMBE daughter of John she was baptized 22 January 1631.] (Transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, p. 7, by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff)
1632 "Edward GOFFE was buried the 20th day of May." (Transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, p. 14, by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff)
1632 "Arabella LOVET filia Roberti baptizata fuit decimo die Junÿ." [Arabella LOVET daughter of Robert she was baptized 10 June 1632.] (Transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, p. 7, by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff)
1632 "Johannes COMBE filius Johannis baptizatus fuit viersunio quarto die January." [John COMBE son of John he was baptized 24 Jaunary 1632.] (Transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, p. 7, by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff)
Notes: John the younger apparently died bef 1642 when a second son named John was born to John and Elizabeth LOVETT Combs in Sparsholt, Berks.
1633 "Richard DOUER [DOVER?] and Anne SANDERS were married the 24th day of August." (Transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, p. 38, by COMBS Researcher Denise Mortorff)
1633 "Laurentius LOVETT filius Roberti LOVET equify? & Domina' Anna" vxoey eui? baptizatus fuit secundo dis Martÿ." [Lawrence LOVETT son of Robert LOVET _____ & Master/Lord year _______ he was baptized 2 March 1633.] (Transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, p. 8, by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff)
1634 "Robert COMBE the sonne of John COMBE & Elizabeth his wife was baptized the third day of August." (Transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, p. 9, by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff who adds: Beginning with page 9, the language appears to change from a form of Latin to English in the parish register)
No more is known of Robert COMBE, eldest known son of John and Elizabeth, including whether he lived to adulthood or died young.
1639 "Anne the daughter of John COMBES & Elizabeth his wife was baptized the first day of November." (Transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, p. 20, by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff)
16 Jul 1640 Soulbury Parish. Married: Dorothy LOVETT and Joh. HERNE. (IGI, Ba: E130061, So: 496686, not transcribed; however, see Lovett Families)
21 Nov 1640 "Francis LOVETT son of Robert of Solbery Bucks mil, apprenticed to Richard LOEFIELD a mercer in Gracechurch Street, liverman 8 years" (Correspondence #2 from Penelope Fussell, Archivist, Drapers Company to COMBS Researcher Denise Mortorff, dated 16 Apr 1998) (Combs &c. Families of the Drapers Company)
Francis LOVETT was probably b between 1624 and 1626, assuming an average apprenticeship age of 15 years. See above baptism, plus see 1646-56 Soulbury records below.
1641 "Thomas HOXKINS and Anne LOVETT were married the fifth day of October." (Transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, p. 40, by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff) SW: HOSKINS, HOPKINS
According to the visitations of Buckingham, Sir Robert's daughter, Anne, married "Edmund, Earle of Bath." Burke states "Anne, m. first, Edward BOURCHIER, fourth Earl of Bath, but by his lordship (she was his second wife) had no issue. She wedded, secondly, Baptist NOEL, third Viscount Campden, and had by him one still-born child only." Also note that this record is indexed by the IGI as HOPKINS.
1641 "Archdale the sonne of John COMBE and Elizabeth his wife was baptized the 18th day of November." (Transcribed from Buckinghamshire Record Office, FHC#1042447, p. 22, by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff)
The above is the last parish record in Soulbury for this family. They are next found in the parish register of Sparsholt, Berks in 1643 (However, see next).
1642 Soulbury, Bucks Tax Returns. "In 1642 there were 70 people named in the tax returns for contributions for Ireland. Between them they were assessed at £3.12.2 of which sum Mr Edward MERIDALE contributed £0.15.0" (Soulbury, Bucks, Gen-UKI)
1643 C 9/422/30. Court of Chancery: Six Clerks Office: Pleadings before 1714, Reynardson. Bath, Earl v. Lovett, knt. Text Date: 1643 (Combs &c. Extractions from the PRO Catalogue - record not yet acquired)
According to Lovett Lineages (Visitations and Burke's), Anne LOVETT, daughter of Sir Robert and Anne SAUNDERS Lovett of Soulbury, Bucks, married Edward BOURCHIER, Earl of Bath. Sir Robert died in September 1643 at Sparsholt, Berks.
08 Jul 1646 Christopher LOVETT son of Robert of Liscombe Bucks mil dec, apprenticed as a Draper to Robert MOWLSWORTH for 8 years, by Dna Anna LOVELL [sic] of Solebury Bucks 200 pounds.
15 Mar 1653 Christopher LOVETT freed [by apprenticeship as a Draper] by Robert MOWLSWORTH. Roger LAMBERT (2nd Master)
1655 Apprenticed John BRISTOW
1656 apprenticed Archadell COMBES
1662 pays quartage Dublin, Ireland. (Combs &c. Families of the Drapers Company)
Elizabeth LOVETT Combs, like Francis LOVETT of the 1640 record and Christopher above, was a child of Robert LOVETT of Liscombe, Soulbury. She was widowed in Apr 1652 in Sparsholt, Berks, and at some time following the death of her husband, she removed to Oxford, where she was residing in 1656 when she apprenticed her son, Archdale COMBE (baptized in 1641 in Soulbury), for eight years to her brother Christopher who was in Dublin Ireland by 1658. Drapers Company records in London do not reflect whether the apprenticeship was completed; however, those records may be in Ireland Research in progress. Also Note that According to Burke's , Christopher LOVETT was in Turkey at the time of the Restoration (May 1660); yet he appears in Dublin during period 1658-1663.
In 1710, Robert LEVET "liberally endowed with land a school for twenty-four boys and girls " Sir John LOVETT, Bart. was patron in 1808. (A Topographical Dictionary of England, Samuel Lewis, S. Lewis and Company, London, 1831, p. 116, Soulbury, Bucks) See the Buckinghamshire County Council's photograph of Soulbury, Lovett House, Chapel Hill, whose stone plaque reads "Lovett Charity House & School."
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