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Chipping Wycombe (a.k.a. High Wycombe), a borough, market town, and parish, in the hundred of Desborough , county of Buckingham, 4.73 miles northwest of Beaconsfield, Bucks; 5.3 miles southwest of Great Missenden, 21.16 miles south west of Soulbury, and 29 miles Northwest of London. "The church, dedicated to All Saints, is an ancient and venerable structure, in the early style of English architecture, with a square embattled tower, which has been subsequently ornamented and crowned with pinnacles. The interior consists of a nave, aisles, and chancel, the last of which is separated from the nave by an ancient oak screen: it contains several ancient and interesting monuments, among which are, one to the memory of Henry PETTY, Earl of Shelburne, who died in 1751; one to the lady of the late earl, and several to the families of ARCHDALE, LLEWELLYN, and BRADSHAW… (Lewis…, 1831, p. 584) High Wycombe is 5.3 miles southwest of Great Missenden, 21.16 miles southwest of Soulbury.

Ed. Note: Rev. Samuel Lewis wrote extensively of the History of Wycombe, and further excerpts can be found at the end of this report (see below).


Note: The following includes numerous parish records, including many in which Combs Researcher/Transcriber Denise Mortorff was unable to determine the spelling of the surname - and to "play it safe" has included numerous variations. She writes: There are so many names that could have been actually some form of COMBES I think the original records should be eventually studied. The Aquilla BEYLEY-Margaret COMBE 1643 record is quite interesting since there is an Aquilla COMBES in Virginia a considerable period of time later and may be coincidental or intentional patronymics usage. Also, given the location of this COMBES family it would be interesting to determine the identity of this Margaret COMBES. Other surnames include LOVETT, PIGOT, SANDERS, CAMBY.


16 Feb 1622 (High Wycombe Parish Register. Marriages. 1600 to 1812) Stephen BARNARDE & [Judith PALMER], B.T. 16 Feb. 1622 (Extracted by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff from "Buckinghamshire Parish Registers;" Source: LDS FHC #0496694 Item 5)


Aug. 8, 1623 Thomas ARCHDALE, son and heir of Richard A., of Chippinge Wickham, Bucks., esq. Called to the Middle Temple, 22 Nov., 1633. (Combs &c. of the Middle Temple)

Notes: Thomas ARCHDALE was the s/o Richard & Judith THORPE Archdale and 1st cousin once removed of Margaret ARCHDALE Combe. (See Also Below)


9 Apr 1632 (High Wycombe Parish Register. Marriages. 1600 to 1812) John HUTCHINS & Maria GOM (Extracted by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff from "Buckinghamshire Parish Registers;" Source: LDS FHC #0496694 Item 5)


19 Sep 1633 (High Wycombe Parish Register. Marriages. 1600 to 1812) John FLEETWOODE, ar[miger], & Mrs. Eliz. A________, lic. Archbp. 19 Sep. 1633. "This lady's name may have been ARCHDALE. The Faculty Office has no records for the period from May 1633 to January 1634 owing to the Rebellion." (Extracted by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff from "Buckinghamshire Parish Registers;" Source: LDS FHC #0496694 Item 5)

Notes: The marriage of John FLEETWOOD (s/o Sir William FLEETWOOD) to Elizabeth A[RCHDAL]E is further validated by the Archdale Visitation of London, 1633-4; and the 1695 Binfield, Berkshire will of Elizabeth ARCHDALE Fleetwood Lee. She was the d/o Richard and Judith THORPE Archdale, the former first cousin to Margaret, wife of John COMBE of St. Mary the Virgin Aldermanbury, London, the parents of John COMBE who m in 1630 in Soulbury Parish, Bucks, to Elizabeth LOVETT. Elizabeth ARCHDALE'S father-in-law, Sir William FLEETWOOD, was a shareholder in the Virginia Company as was a Thomas COMBE who is still unidentified. Elizabeth ARCHDALE Fleetwood m (2) Robert LEE, and d testate in 1695 in Binfifeld, Berkshire.


Extracted by Combs Researcher Peter Archdale from Memoirs of the Archdales:

"Richard ARCHDALE, the only son, was a merchant vintner in Dowgate Street, London, having connection with Bordeaux and Lisbon. His is mentioned in the will (April 17th 1603) of his kinsman Francis BARKER, who was also a London vintner. On June 22nd 1604, he purchased the Manor of Loakes, or Lokes, at High Wycombe, Bucks, from John RAUNCE; and on August 28th 1628 the same John RAUNCE conveyed to Richard ARCHDALE the Manors of Temple Wycombe, and Windsor or Chapel Fee.* In 1631, Richard inherited certain "household stff" at Whateley, Whateley [Wheatley], Oxfordshire, from Abraham ARCHDALE, his cousin-german (double first cousin). In 1636, a petition was addresses to Archbishop LAUD by the Mayor and townsmen of Chipping Wycombe, concerning the endowment of the parish church. The petition bears twenty signatures, the 17th and 18th being "Ric. ARCHDEDALE" and "Edm. WALLER", the poet.**"
* See Lipscombe's Buckinghamshire, Vol III, P. 640
** See History of Aylsbury, Bucks.

Ed. Note: According to a variety of undocumented Waller family genealogies, Edmond WALLER was the brother of Henry WALLER who married (family tradition) one Jane SORG. The marriage record (4 Apr 1627, St. Benet Paul's Wharf, London) shows that Henry married Jane SAYERS [sic], who is named in the 1629 will of William COMBE of Oriel College, Oxfordshire (s/o John and Margaret ARCHDALE Combe) as his "cousin Jane WALLERS daughter of Beacons ffield," which is where Henry and Jane SAYERS Waller resided, she having been identified recently as the daughter of Ady and Sarah ARCHDALE Sare (d/o Thomas and Mary CLIFTON Archdale), the latter the sister of Margaret ARCHDALE Combe.

Richard ARCHDALE of Cheping Wiscombe was the son of Barnard & Anne FERNE Archdale, and h/o Judith THORPE (d/o Richard & Elizabeth BROOKE Thorpe of London). (Visitation of London, 1633-4) See also records of the Drapers Company.


31 May 1638 - 8 Oct 1638 Will of Richard ARCHDALE of Cheping Wiscombe in the Co. of Bucks: Esq., the last day of May 1638, proved 8 October 1638. My son in law John FLEETWOOD. My third son Matthew ARCHDALE. My youngest son Robert ARCHDALE. My two grand-children, William and John FLEETWOOD. My eldest son, Thomas ARCHDALE, his three daughters, Judith, Mary and Susan. My second son Richard ARCHDALE. Household stuff at Whately [Wheatley, Oxfordshire] left unto me by my cousin Abraham ARCHDALE. My brother in law M. Edward BROWNE. My cousin M. Barbara ROTHERAM. My cousin LOW, James POVEY and his sisters Katherine POVEY and Jane POVEY. My brother in law Mr. Arthur ALVY and my sister ALVY, his wife and his son Bernard ALVY, wife Judith ARCHDALE and son in law John FLEETWOOD to be executors. (Lee 120) (Waters Genealogical Gleanings) (Note: Witnesses?)

Notes: Richard's sister, Alice, whom he named in his will as wife of Arthur ALVEY, was of Knotting Parish, Bedfordshire, and their descendants are found in the records of St. Mary's County, Maryland with Abraham COMBES who was earlier in Old Rappahannock County, Virginia with Archdale COMBES, believed to have quite possibly been the same who was b in 1641 in Soulbury, Bucks.

Richard's cousin, Barbara ROTHERAM, has never been identified. A record of possible interest is the christening of a Barbara ROTHERAM, daughter of Christopher, on 22 Jun 1623, at St. Vedast Foster Lane and St. Michael le Querme, London (no marriage reord located). See also the 20 Apr 1620 christening of a Richard ROTHERAM, s/o Ralf ROTHERAM at Luton, Bedfordshire, where an unidentified Edward ARCHDALE is found.


19 Jan 1639 (High Wycombe Parish Register. Marriages. 1600 to 1812) Geo. TIMBERLACKE & Judith CAM (Extracted by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff from "Buckinghamshire Parish Registers;" Source: LDS FHC #0496694 Item 5)

[SW: TIMBERLAKE]


21 Dec. 1643 (High Wycombe Parish Register. Marriages. 1600 to 1812) Aquilla BEYLEY [BAILEY] & Margaret COMBE (Extracted by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff from "Buckinghamshire Parish Registers;" Source: LDS FHC #0496694 Item 5)

Notes: Although the above Margaret COMBE has not been identified, her given name and her presence in High Wycombe make this couple well worth further investigation. See also William COMBE of 1660.


7 Jun. 1648 (High Wycombe Parish Register. Marriages. 1600 to 1812) John GIBBENS & Matha CAM, w. (Extracted by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff from "Buckinghamshire Parish Registers;" Source: LDS FHC #0496694 Item 5) SW: GIBBONS.


7 Oct 1648 (High Wycombe Parish Register. Marriages. 1600 to 1812) (------) HAYELL & Ellen CAME (Extracted by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff from "Buckinghamshire Parish Registers;" Source: LDS FHC #0496694 Item 5)


17 Jan. 1652 (High Wycombe Parish Register. Marriages. 1600 to 1812) Edw. GOME & Cusanna NEVEL (Extracted by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff from "Buckinghamshire Parish Registers;" Source: LDS FHC #0496694 Item 5) SW: Susanna NEVILLE


11 Apr 1653 (High Wycombe Parish Register. Marriages. 1600 to 1812) John GOM & Morry MILES (Extracted by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff from "Buckinghamshire Parish Registers;" Source: LDS FHC #0496694 Item 5)


1656 ARCHDALE, Jn. Bound as apprentice, Drapers Company. (Roll) From extracts provided by Drapers Company Archivist, Penelope Fussell, from Boyd's register relative to the Combe, Archdale and Lovett Families: John ARCHDALE son of Thomas of Loakes Chipping Wickham Bucks Arm. 16 Jul 1656 apprenticed to Nathaniel LOWNDES m. adv. 8 years)

Notes: John ARCHDALE, b 06 May 1642, s/o Thomas and Mary NEVILL Archdale, d Jul 1717; m widow Ann DOBSON Cary in Dec 1673, St. Matthew's, Friday Street, London; was a Quaker, Adventurer and early Governor of North Carolina. His sister, Mary, m Ferdinando GORGES 22 May 1660, St. Bride's, London.


19 Sept. 1657 (High Wycombe Parish Register. Marriages. 1600 to 1812) John FRUMAN & Susanna CAM, w. (Extracted by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff from "Buckinghamshire Parish Registers;" Source: LDS FHC #0496694 Item 5)


17 Jul 1660 William COMBE, Chipping Wickham, Bucks. Sent. 17 July 1660 P.A.B. 91 v.; W. Nabbs 113. (Extracted by COMBS Researchers Joe Kendalll and Denise Mortorff from "The Index Library -- Index to Administrations in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury and Now Preserved in the Public Record Office", Chancery Lane Vol. VI, 1631-1648. ed. Marc Fitch. London: The British Record Society. 1986, p. 95)

Notes: The above William COMBS is unidentified, but like Margaret of 1643, learning more about him could be of considerable assistance.


11 Jan. 1663 (High Wycombe Parish Register. Marriages. 1600 to 1812) Wm. CAMM & Eliz. ADAMES (Extracted by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff from "Buckinghamshire Parish Registers;" Source: LDS FHC #0496694 Item 5)

GORGES vs. ARCHDALE. Bill 25 October, 1664.
Ferdinando GORGES of Westminister, Esq. And Mary his wife Complts. (The said Mary being one of the daughters of Thomas ARCHDALE of Chepping Wiccombe, co. Bucks., Esq., by Mary his wife deceased, who was one of the daughters of John NEVILL late of London, Esq., deceased) sheweth.

That about 30 years since, Richard ARCHDALE late of Cheppinge Wiccomb, Esq., deceased, being seised of Manors and lands in co. Bucks and elsewhere of the yearly value of 1500 at least, in consideration of a marriage shortly to be had between the said Thomas and Mary (NEVILL) and in consideration of about 5000, the portion of the said Mary, did together with the said Thomas, by deed assure part of his estate to the use of the issue female of the said Thomas and Mary, or else did appoint a portion of 2000 each to the said issue female. And the said John NEVILL being seised of divers messuages in London, and Manors and lands elsewhere, -?- in consideration of the said settlement, settle a great part of his estate to the use of such issue female. These two Deeds or Settlements are now in the hands of the said Thomas ARCHDALE, the Defendant to this Bill.

The said John NEVILL and Richard ARCHDALE not long after died and Thomas the complainant Mary's father, entered upon the estates so conveyed by his father and by NEVILL.

About four years since thes Complainants were married, and the said Thomas refuses to discover these settlements or to pay the Complainant Mary GORGES her portion.

(Chan. Pros. Ante 1714. Mitford cexliii.16b. "New England Historical Genealogical Register, 1900")

Notes: Thomas ARCHDALE (s/o Richard & Judith THORPE Archdale), married Mary, daughter of John NEVILLE of London, and their daughter, Mary ARCHDALE, married 22 May 1660, St. Bride's, London, Ferdinando GORGES of Westminster, whose family also held an interest in the Virginia Company.


28 Aug 1666 West Wycombe, Buckingham, England. Married: Judith ARCHDELL and Thomas WIDMER (FamilySearch.Org, #6904434, Computer printout of West Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England - source not yet viewed)

5 Aug. 1667 (High Wycombe Parish Register. Marriages. 1600 to 1812) Jos. PETEFER & Susanah CAME (Extracted by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff from "Buckinghamshire Parish Registers;" Source: LDS FHC #0496694 Item 5)

5 Jan 1708 (High Wycombe Parish Register. Marriages. 1600 to 1812) Jas. GOM, of Bledlow & Hannah DEAN (Extracted by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff from "Buckinghamshire Parish Registers;" Source: LDS FHC #0496694 Item 5)

14 Sept. 1710 (High Wycombe Parish Register. Marriages. 1600 to 1812) Thos. HASLER, of West Wiccombe, & Eleanore TOMBS (Extracted by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff from "Buckinghamshire Parish Registers;" Source: LDS FHC #0496694 Item 5)

29 Mar 1766 (High Wycombe Parish Register. Marriages. 1600 to 1812) Jas. EDMONDS & Mary CAM (Extracted by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff from "Buckinghamshire Parish Registers;" Source: LDS FHC #0496694 Item 5)

16 Oct. 1788 (High Wycombe Parish Register. Marriages. 1600 to 1812) Jas. GOMME, of Princes Risborough, & Hester PLATER, lic. (Extracted by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff from "Buckinghamshire Parish Registers;" Source: LDS FHC #0496694 Item 5)

7 Oct 1804 (High Wycombe Parish Register. Marriages. 1600 to 1812) Wm. LARNE & Mary TOMES (Extracted by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff from "Buckinghamshire Parish Registers;" Source: LDS FHC #0496694 Item 5)


Excerpted from A Topographical Dictionary of England, Samuel Lewis, S. Lewis and Company, London:

WYCOMBE (HIGH, or CHIPPING)… This place, which is evidently of great antiquity, is by some supposed to have been occupied by the Romans. In the vicinity a tesselated pavement, nine feet square, was discovered in 1774; and among the numerous Roman coins that have been found were some of Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius, and other Roman emperors. Of its occupation by the Saxons, the prefix to its name, "Cheaping," signifying a market, is an evident proof; and in the immediate neighbourhood of the town are the remains of a strong double intrenchment, called Desborough Castle, which was probably thrown up by that people to check the progress of the Danes. The only historical event connected with the place is a successful attack on the parliamentary troops quartered here, by Prince Rupert, after the battle of Reading. The town is pleasantly situated on a fine rivulet, called the Wycombe stream, which, after winding through the adjoining meadows, flows into the Thames below Marlow: it consists of one principal street, on the high road from London to Oxford, from which some smaller streets branch off in various directions. The houses are in general well built; many of them are spacious and handsome, and the town has a prepossessing appearance of cheerfulness and great respectability. On each side are some hills, richly wooded; the environs abound with pleasingly varied scenery, and the surrounding district is luxuriantly fertile, and in the highest state of cultivation. The manufacture of paper is carried on to a very considerable extent, for which there are not less than twelve mills on the banks of Wycombe stream, besides six flour-mills. That of lace affords employment to several of the inhabitants, and chairs are made in great numbers: there is a considerable trade in malt, and the town derives a great degree of traffic from its situation, being on the road to Bath, Bristol, &c. The market, which is extensively supplied with corn, is on Friday; and a fair is annually held on the Monday next before Michaelmas-day, which is also a statute fair.

Wycombe, though governed by a mayor in the reign of Edward III., received its first regular charter of incorporation from Henry VI., which was confirmed and extended in the reigns of Elizabeth, James I., and Charles II., and vests the government in a mayor, recorder, two bailiffs, twelve aldermen, and an indefinite number of burgesses, assisted by a town clerk and other officers. The corporation hold occasional sessions for all offences not capital; and under their charter they have power to hold a court of record, for the recovery of debts under 40, but no process has issued from it within the last fifty years. The town hall, erected in 1757, at the expense of the Earl of Shelburne, is a commodious and neat structure of brick, supported on stone pillars, and is well adapted to the business of the sessions, to the holding of public meetings, and to the uses of the corporation. The borough prison is a small, but well-arranged, building, capable of accommodating twelve prisoners; it is divided into four wards for their classification. The borough first exercised the elective franchise in the 28th of Edward I., since which time it has continued to return two members to parliament: the right of election is vested in the mayor, bailiffs, and burgesses not receiving alms: the mayor is the returning officer.

The living is a discharged vicarage, in the archdeaconry of Buckingham, and diocese of Lincoln, rated in the king's books at 23. 17. 1., endowed with 1000 parliamentary grant, and in the patronage of the Marquis of Lansdowne… There are two places of worship for Independents, and one each for Baptists and the Society of Friends. An ancient hospital for lepers, dedicated to St. Margaret and St. Giles, and another, dedicated to St. John the Baptist, for a master, brethren, and sisters, were founded here in the reign of Henry III.; the latter was granted by Elizabeth to the mayor and corporation, and the endowment, augmented by Mr. Bowden, who in 1790 gave 1000 to be vested in the funds, producing at present about 180 per annum, is appropriated to the maintenance of a grammar school, and an almshouse for eight aged widows. The master of the school receives a salary of 60 per annum, and has a house, garden, and an orchard of two acres; and the residue of the income is divided among the widows. A Lancasterian school for girls is supported by subscription; and there are several charitable bequests for distribution among the poor. Previously to the completion of the Royal Military College at Sandhurst, a department of that institution was established at Wycombe, which was, in 1802, removed to Great Marlow. Dr. GAMBLE, who wrote the Life of General MONK, and is supposed to have assisted him in effecting the restoration of Charles II., was vicar of this parish. The learned William ALLEY, Bishop of Exeter, and one of the translators of the Bible, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth; and Charles BUTLER, author of a Treatise on Rhetoric, and other works, were natives of this town. Wycombe gives the titles of earl and baron to the Marquis of Lansdowne."


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