Dedicated to the Memory of Combs &c. founder Carole Hammett (1946-2009)
This Combs &c. Web Site is Generously Hosted by Click Here to Join USGenNet
We Support Free Nonprofit Genealogy and History on the Internet

A B C D E F G H I J K L
M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ


Rainey, Rainy: nickname for Lorraine

Raphe: (latin) given name, Ralph

recognitor: in English law, the name by which the jurors impaneled on an assize are known. Also sometimes used as meaning the person who enters into a recognizance, in which case another form of recognizor. (Black's Law). Example

recognizance: an obligation entered into before a court or magistrate duly authorized for that purpose whereby the recognizor acknowledges that he will do some act required by law which is specified therein, with the recognizor acknowledging himself indebted to a certain party in a specific amount to be paid if he fails to perform the requisit act. (ibid.) Example

recusant: in old English law, persons who willfully absented themselves form their parish church, and on whom penalties were imposed by various statutes passed during the (consecutive) reigns of Elizabeth (1558-1603) and James I (1603-1625).* (Blackstone) 15th Century Example 16th Century Example See also Acts of Supremacy

* Blackstone also adds that the term was practically restricted to Roman Catholics, but other sources note that Puritanism was on the rise, and later Quakers, too, fell into this category. The first "Recusancy Act" was passed in 1558, the first year of Elizabeth's reign, the second in 1580, the third in 1586 and the fourth in 1592. Acts were also passed during the 3rd and 7th years of James I's reign, and again in the 3rd year of Charles I (1628). Under these statutes, a recusant was defined as one "Convicted for not repairing to some Church, Chapel, or usual place of Common Prayer to hear Divine Sevice there, but forbearing the same contrary to the tenor of the laws and statutes heretofore made and provided in that behalf." The term recusant was used due to the requirement that recusants ("being spies and intelligencers") not be permitted to travel*). (Ref: 1 Eliz. c. 2, 23 Eliz. c. 1, 29 Eliz. c. 6, 35 Eliz. c. 2, 3 Jac. I. c. 5, 7 Jac. I. c. 6, and 3 Car. I. c. 2.)

"...be it ordained and enacted...that every person above the age of sixteen years, born within any the queen's majesty's realms or dominions or made denizen, being a popish recusant...and having any certain place of dwelling and abode within this realm, shall... repair to their place of dwelling where they usually heretofore made their common abode, and shall not any time after pass or remove above five miles from thence..." (Excerpted from An Act Against Popish Recusants, 35 Eliz. I (1593), published electronically by the Gunpowder Society)

regnal dates: a date expresssed in terms of the number of years of a monarch s reign; i.e., 3 Elizabeth I indicates the third year of the reign of the English Queen Elizabeth I (1560/1). Example  . See English Regnal Years)

relict: widow (sometimes widower, but perhaps incorrect application). From the Latin, relicta, feminine of relictus, both from the word, relinquere, to leave behind. See also consort

repertories: (English) record of proceedings.

Ricd: abbreviation of given name, Richard (sometimes also "Rd.").

Rob, Robin: nickname for Robert

Robt.: abbreviation for given name, Robert

roman numerals: a method of writing numbers that is based on the ancient Roman system. The letters used include I(i); V(v); X (x); L (l); C (c); D (d): M (m). See Table


A B C D E F G H I J K L
M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ


Return to
Combs &c. Research Glossary
Combs &c. Research Resources


Last updated 02-Aug-2009
You are Our 5181st Visitor.
Please Email Additions/Corrections to Webmaster

Join Combs &c. in Support of USGenNet
— an IRS-approved nonprofit web-hosting service —

Combs &c. Research FamiliesCombs Research Group Proud Patron of USGenNetJoin USGenNet

This site is hosted by USGenNet, a nonprofit web-hosting service solely supported by tax-deductible donations. If this website has provided you with useful information, please consider making a donation to USGenNet to help keep sites like this online.

NOTICE: The Combs-Coombs &c. Research Group is a nonprofit public benefit corporation and complies fully with USGenNet's Conditions of Use. This Combs &c. Research Report has been provided for the free use of those engaged in non-commercial genealogical research by the nonprofit Combs Research Group. Any and all commercial use is strictly prohibited. Researchers are encouraged to copy and distribute this work freely, but with the proviso that it may only be copied and circulated in its entirety -- including this notice, and all sources, bibliographies and credits; and excepting electronically in which case permission is freely granted to link to this site instead. Sincerely, The Combs &c Research Group, Email: Webmaster.

© 1996-2010 Combs-Coombs &c. Research Group