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|Glossary of Words and Phrases|
Found in Combs &c. Research Reports
A Combs &c. Research Resource
Rainey, Rainy: nickname for Lorraine
Raphe: (latin) given name, Ralph
recognitor: in English law, the name by which the jurors impaneled on an assize are known. Also sometimes used as meaning the person who enters into a recognizance, in which case another form of recognizor. (Black's Law). Example
recognizance: an obligation entered into before a court or magistrate duly authorized for that purpose whereby the recognizor acknowledges that he will do some act required by law which is specified therein, with the recognizor acknowledging himself indebted to a certain party in a specific amount to be paid if he fails to perform the requisit act. (ibid.) Example
recusant: in old English law, persons who willfully absented themselves form their parish church, and on whom penalties were imposed by various statutes passed during the (consecutive) reigns of Elizabeth (1558-1603) and James I (1603-1625).* (Blackstone) 15th Century Example 16th Century Example See also Acts of Supremacy
* Blackstone also adds that the term was practically restricted to Roman Catholics, but other sources note that Puritanism was on the rise, and later Quakers, too, fell into this category. The first "Recusancy Act" was passed in 1558, the first year of Elizabeth's reign, the second in 1580, the third in 1586 and the fourth in 1592. Acts were also passed during the 3rd and 7th years of James I's reign, and again in the 3rd year of Charles I (1628). Under these statutes, a recusant was defined as one "Convicted for not repairing to some Church, Chapel, or usual place of Common Prayer to hear Divine Sevice there, but forbearing the same contrary to the tenor of the laws and statutes heretofore made and provided in that behalf." The term recusant was used due to the requirement that recusants ("being spies and intelligencers") not be permitted to travel*). (Ref: 1 Eliz. c. 2, 23 Eliz. c. 1, 29 Eliz. c. 6, 35 Eliz. c. 2, 3 Jac. I. c. 5, 7 Jac. I. c. 6, and 3 Car. I. c. 2.)
"...be it ordained and enacted...that every person above the age of sixteen years, born within any the queen's majesty's realms or dominions or made denizen, being a popish recusant...and having any certain place of dwelling and abode within this realm, shall... repair to their place of dwelling where they usually heretofore made their common abode, and shall not any time after pass or remove above five miles from thence..." (Excerpted from An Act Against Popish Recusants, 35 Eliz. I (1593), published electronically by the Gunpowder Society)
regnal dates: a date expresssed in terms of the number of years of a monarch s reign; i.e., 3 Elizabeth I indicates the third year of the reign of the English Queen Elizabeth I (1560/1). Example . See English Regnal Years)
relict: widow (sometimes widower, but perhaps incorrect application). From the Latin, relicta, feminine of relictus, both from the word, relinquere, to leave behind. See also consort
repertories: (English) record of proceedings.
Ricd: abbreviation of given name, Richard (sometimes also "Rd.").
Rob, Robin: nickname for Robert
Robt.: abbreviation for given name, Robert
roman numerals: a method of writing numbers that is based on the ancient Roman system. The letters used include I(i); V(v); X (x); L (l); C (c); D (d): M (m). See Table
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