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|Glossary of Words and Phrases|
Found in Combs &c. Research Reports
A Combs &c. Research Resource
Sadie, Sallie, Sally, Sary: nickname for Sarah
Sam: nickname for Samuel or Sampson (masc.) or Samantha (fem.)
Saml, Samll: abbreviation for given name, Samuel.
saved my bacon: a colloquial phrase coined by William COMBE of Bristol, England in 1776, indicating the occurance of a propitious event. Original Example
Seburn, Cebron, etc.: nickname for Seaborn, Seabourne, etc.
secundus, secundo: (latin) second
seizin: possession of real property under claim of freehold estate; possessioin with intent on the part of the holder to claim a freehold interest; right to immediate possession in accordance with the law and based on the nature of the estate. See Livery in Deed
septem: (latin) the number seven
septimus decimus: (latin) seventeenth
septimus, septimo: (latin) seventh
sepulta, sepultis: (latin) buried; also sepulchre; sepulta innupta indicated a single person whereas sepulta vidua was a widow, etc.
serviens: sergeant. Example
sex: (latin) the number six
sextus decimus: (latin) sixteenth
sextus, sexto: (latin) sixth
Shade: nickname for Shadrach (var. sp. Shadrack)
sic: (latin) thus; indicates that an unexpected or paradoxical word, phrase, or fact is not an error, but as written; usually entered in [brackets] to indicate not part of the original record.
Sinda: nickname for Lucinda
sine prole (s.p.): (latin) without offspring
Sintha, Sinty, Sithy, Sythe: nickname for Seth (often also a.k.a. Cynthia)
Sira, Sorry, Syry: nickname for Cyrus
smith, blacksmith: one who forges iron. Sometimes used to denote a horse-shoer, the proper term for which is ferrier. See Combs &c. Occupations
socage: a type of land tenure; in early England, a tenure in return for "inferior" services (such as husbandry) as versus, for example, knight-service (See Knights Fee)
solemnizat: (latin) solemnized, as in matrimonium solemnizat (marriage solemnized)
Starling: variant spelling for Sterling
Ste., Stp.: abbreviation for given name, Stephen
Sukie, Suky: nickname for Susan, Susannah
superstes: survivor of another's death or standing(alive?)
surety (security): an individual(s) who stands bound for the debt or obligation of another; similar to a guarantor, but carrying a somewhat greater obligation than a guarantor. Sureties referenced in estate administrations guaranteed the value of the estate. Example
Sureties in marriage records relate to the marriage bonds that were required. The sureties were obligating themselves, usually with some monetary penalty, to guarantee that the groom would be able to provide for a family. Also to ensure that the groom will not renege on a promise of marriage. Example
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