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Combs &c. Families of
Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire

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Hemel Hempstead, a parish in the hundred of Dacorum, county of Hertford, comprising the market town of Hemel-Hempstead, and the chapelries of Bovingdon and Flaunden*… town of Hemel-Hempstead, 19½ miles outhwest of Hertford, and 23 miles northwest of London… no records of a date prior to the Heptarchy…In Domesday-bookit is noticed under the names Henamstede, and Hamelamstede… The inhabitants received a charter of incorporation from Henry VIII., which was renewed to them by CROMWELL on their taking the solemn league and covenant, the copy of which is still preserved… The living is a vicarage, in the archdeaconry of Huntingdon, and diocese of Lincoln… and in the presentation of the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's, London, on the nomination of the Bishop of Lincoln. ..The church, dedicated to St. Mary, is a spacious cruciform structure, partly in the Norman style of architecture, with an embattled tower surmounted by a lofty spire; the chancel is finely groined, and the east window embellished with painted glass; there is also a finely-painted window at the west end, presented by Sir Astley Paston COOPER, Bart… A charity school for boys, erected by subscription, and endowed with £15 per annum bequeated, in 1796, by Mr. Thomas WARREN, and £10 per annum from a bequest by Francis COMBE, Esq., of Hempstead-Bury… (Lewis, 1831)

Hemel Hempstead is 3.16 mi. northwest of Kings Langley; 3.51 southeast of Great Gaddesden; 3.62 southeast of Nettleden, Bucks; 3.97 northeast of Bovingdon (part of the parish); and the same southwest of Redbourn. It is 4.16 northwest of Abbots Langley, 5 miles southeast of Berkhamstead and 5.34 northeast of the above noted Flaunden, Herts (See also Chesham, Bucks, 7.24 mi. to the northeast, re Lovett families of Flaundon, Herts.). It is 5.5 mi. southeast of Studham, Bedfordshire and 5.59 west of St. Albans, Herts. It is 9.32 mi. southeast of Edlesborough, Bucks; and 9.66 mi. southwest of Kimpton, Herts.

See also Parishes within 10 miles of Hemel Hempstead.
The Combes of Hemel Hempstead, Herts were apparently "somehow" related to those of Old Stratford, Warwickshire, but how is not yet known:
1565-1613 State Papers Domestic: Supplementary. SP 46/57/fo 210. The Papers of John ASTWICK of Flamstead, co. Hertford, 1565 - 1613. (ff. 68-278): "Edward PECOK to his kinsman, J. ASTWICKE: to speak to Francis COMBES of Hempsted, George NEALE of Hemings Ende, William PRESTON of Chilwicke and Thomas CARPENTER of Hardingeb..."

undated. ibid. SP 46/57/fo 247. Instructions for Thomas GAYTON for his offers about such as hold by lease in Old Stratford, co. Warwick; noted: Mr. COMBES offers a lease in reversion; (? Temp Eliz. I or Jas..." (Combs &c. Extractions from the PRO Catalogue - record not yet acquired)
Extracted from Combs &c. Visitations (which includes additional information re affiliated families):
     Visitation of Hertfordshire, 1572:

COMBE Family of Hemel Hempstead
Arms-Ermine, three Lions passant in pale Gules
Crest-An arm in armour embowed per pale Or and Sable, holding
in the hand proper a broken tiling spear of the first

1. Richard COMBE of Newington, Co. Midd.
+ ....
   2. John COMBE of Newington
         + ....
      3 Robert COMBE of Newington
           + Agnes, da. of John WATERHOUSE
        4 Richard COMBE of Hemel Hemsted, Co Hertf.
          + Elizabeth, da. of William MARSHALL of Edlesborough, Co. Bucks
          5. Francis COMBE, son and heir, aged 25 yeres.
          5. Elizabeth, ux John SHUKBOROUGH 
          5. Susan
        4. Alice, ux …. BAYLY
                            p. me Richardu' COMBE

Visitation of Hertfordshire, 1634 (p. 44 )

Combe Family of Hemel Hempsted
Arms and Crest as at p. 6 (Visitation of Hertfordshire, 1572) 

1. Richard COMBE of [Hemel] Hempsted, Co. Hertf.
   +  Elizabeth, da. of William MARSHALL of Edlesborough, Co. Bucks
   2. Francis COMBE, son and heir.
      + Jane, da. of John POPE of Wroxton, co. Oxford
      3. Francis COMBE of Hemel Hempsted, co. Hertf., eldest son, living 1634 
            + Barbara, da. of Henry EWER of the Midle Temple, Esq. [London]
   2. Elizabeth, ux. John SHUKBOROUGH
   2. Susan

Visitation of Hertfordshire, 1634, p. 33
...
3. John BROCKETT of Codicot, 3 son, living 1634 
   + Dorothey, da. and heir of Rob. PENNE of Codicote, Baly 
   4.1. Margarett, ux Richard PERKINS 
   4.2. Anne, ux. John EMPE 
   4.3. Dorathey 
   4.4. Ellin 
   4.[1] William BROCKETT 
      + Mary, da. of Francis COMBES of com. Hertf.4.
   4 2. John BROCKETT of London 
   4 3. Edward 
   4 4. Charles 
   4 5. Richard 
   4 6. Thomas 

William BROCKETT and Mary COMBES married 11 Oct 1681, Kimpton, Hertfordshire.
( See Also George Aylsworth Davison Combs ms. below). Also Note: A 2nd 
Herts BROCKETT Visitation of 1634 (incomplete) shows a Susan BROCKETT as 
wife of an Edward BOUGHTON, and her sister, Elizabeth, as wife of John
POPE of Wroxton, Oxfordshire (p. 32) See (1) marriage of Francis COMBE to Jane 
POPE, d/o John POPE of Wroxton, Oxfordshire above; (2) and two/three 
COMBS/BOUGHTON marriages in Warwickshire.

Visitation of Hertfordshire, 1634

EWER Family of The Lea 
....
2. Henry EWER of The Lea, Esq., eldest son, now living, 1634. 
   + Elizabeth, da. of George CLARKE, D. D. 
   3. Henry EWER, eldest son, 20 years old, 1634 
   3. Mary, ux. Sir Francis RAINSFORD of Clifford (sic), co. Warwick
   3. Barbara, ux. Fra's COMBE of Hemel Hempsted, Co. Hertford 
....
Notes: Susan, daughter of Richard and Elizbeth MARSHALL Combe may have been the same who was christened in St. Peter, Berkhamstead, Herts on 28 Jul 1539 (home of her grandparents?). See Also Sir Henry RAYNESFORD who witnessed the 1612/1613 will of John COMBS of Old Stratford, Warwickshire, EN; and that of John's brother, Thomas COMBS, 1608/9, in which he names Sir Henry RAYNESFORD and godson Henry RAYNESFORD. Also note that the above Sir Francis was of Clifford, Warwickshire, which is apparently not a parish (none found), but the manor of the Combs Family of Warwickshire since 1537. See Also George CLARK, cousin of William and Barbara ARCHDALE Palmer

Visitation of (Hertfordshire?) (Appendix I, p. 120, partial)
....
1. John WATERHOUSE who descended of …. WATERHOUSE of Ludlow, co. Salop, 
   son of Francis WATERHOUSE.
   + Anne, da. and heir of …. SPARKE of London
 ... 2. Thomas WATERHOUSE, Rector of Ashrugh, co. Hertf, ob. s.p.
 ... 2. John WATERHOUSE of Whitchurch, co. Buck., Esq., lyeth bur. at Berkhampsted
        + Margarett, da. of Henry TURNER of Blunt's Hall in Essex, Esq. 
....2. Elizabeth, ux. Rich. LANGDALE. 
      Sable, a chevron between three mullets Argent.
 ... 2. Agnes, ux. Robert COMBE. 
        Ermine, three lions passant-gardant Sable b?zantée 
...

Extracted by Combs &c. researcher Denise K. Mortorff on behalf of researcher Joe Kendall from "LeNeve's Pedigrees of the Knights" made by King Charles II., King James II., King William III. and Queen Mary, King William Alone, and Queen Anne," Edited by George W. Marshall, LL.D., Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, and Honorary Secretary of the Harleian Society. London. 1873, p.127:

     Hertf. Sr Richard COMBES of Hemelhamsted Kted at....5 febr. 1660. 
     See Sr Edward Byshe's Hertf. fo.40.  Ermine 3 Lyons passt Gules.

Richard COMBES of Hemelhamsted Hertf. 
= Elizab., dr of Will. MARSHALL of Edlesborow [Edlesborough] Bucks.

   Francis COMBES of Hemsted.
   = Jane dr of John POPE of Wroxton Oxon. sister to the earle of Downe.

      Tobit COMBES of Hemsted.=Mary dr of John THEEDE of Crofton Com. Bucks.

        Sr Richard COMBES of Henelhamsted Kted as above died very poor.
        --1 w. Anne dr & coheir of John FRERE of Stoke Suff.
        --2d w. Anne dr of.... TROWE of .... Oxon.
        (By 1st wife)
            --Richard COMBES esqr aet. 15 A.D. 1669, (and)
            --Thomas aet.13
DKM Note: This does provide a slightly different picture of this Combes lineage from that noted by other Visitations, although this appears to not be intended to be an official visitation, but a record of knighting and documenting the event and family at the time.

Ed. Note: Tobit (Tobias) COMBE married in Wing, Bucks.
From the manuscript of George Davison Aylesworth Combes:
"The Parish Registers of the Church of St. Mary at Hemel-Hempstead contain records of the baptism of the family of Francis COMBE, son of Richard [sic] and his wife Jane, daughter of John POPE of Wroxton, Oxford. Her Uncle, Sir Thomas POPE, was the founder of Trinity College, Oxford, and her brother was Earl of Down. The children of the Combe family were as follows:

1. Richard, bapt. July 2, 1582; buried April 24, 1583

2. Francis, bapt. Oct. 1, 1583; married, (1st) Barbara, daughter of Henry EWER Esq. of London. Buried 1635. Married (2nd) Anne, daughter of Thomas GREENHILL, Gent. of Abbotts Langley. Died Nov. 6, 1640. Francis died May 21, 1641. He left no issue, and in his will, proved May 1, 1641, he left a large part of his estate to the Colleges of Sidney Sussex at Cambridge, and Trinity at Oxford, at which he had been educated. Trinity was founded by his maternal great-uncle Sir Thomas POPE. The Colleges still hold the Abbotts Langley property which he left in this will.

3. Elizabeth, bapt. July 11, 1585; buried July 2, 1586.

4, Tobias, bapt. July 31, 1586; married Mary, daughter of John THEEDE of Crofton, Bucks. He died Feb. 12, 1663, she died 1677. They had one son, Richard, born about 1630, who was knighted Feb. 5, 1660. He married (1st) Anne, daughter of John FREERE of Stoke, Suffolk, who died April 18, 1658. He married (2nd) to Anne FROW of Oxon, who died without issue. There was a son Richard by the first wife, who died unmarried in 1692. [See 1625 Wing, Bucks re possible marriage]

5. Charles, bapt. Feb. 16, 1589; buried Feb. 2, 1591.

6. William, bapt. May 17, 1590; died 1659, leaving a will in which he mentions his wife Anne and three daughters, Barbara, the wife of John CHISHULL, Jane the wife of Edward HERBERT, and Anne, the wife of Christopher WEBB.

7. Mary, bapt. June 21, 1591; married William BROCKETT and had two children John and Mary (Chancery papers, Milford 78-20)

8. Elizabeth, bapt. Sept. 10, 1592; buried July 21, 1594.

9. Richard, bapt. May 5, 1594: was an M.A. and Fellow of Trinity College [Oxford], later Rector of Navestock, Essex, where he died single in 1628.

10. John, bapt. March 6, 1597, the subject of this article.*

12. Susannah, bapt. Feb. 18, 1599; no further data known. "

* The "subject of this article" was apparently John COMBE of Plymouth Colony (See 1628 below)

Chronology of Records (incomplete)
Court of Chancery: Six Clerks Office: Early Proceedings, Richard II to Philip and Mary [22 Jun 1377 - 17 Nov 1558]. C 1/961/37. Richard COMES (?) v. William, son of Henry HACHE.: Forcible entry and felling of timber on land called `Roluffes Hethe,' demised by the said William to John MALDEN, late master of Ashridge.: Herts. (Combs &c. Extractions from the PRO Catalogue, C 1 Series - record not yet acquired)
Is Ashridge, Herts a.k.a the Ashrugh referenced above for Waterhouse?
18 Jan 1561 Hemel Hempstead, Hertford. Married: Elizabethe COMBES & John SHUGBOROUGHE. (IGI Ba: E072411, So: 991330, film not read)
Per Visitations, Elizabeth, d/o Richard and Elizabeth MARSHALL Combs, m John SHUCKBOROUGH [sic]
2 Jul 1582 Hemel Hempstead, Hertford. Christened: Richarde COMBES, s/o Frannces_ COMBES (IGI Ba: C072411, So: 991330, film not read)

1583 Hemel Hempstead, Herts. Born: Francis COMBE. Adm. pens. at Sidney College, Cambridge University May, 1600. Son of of Francis, of Hemel Hempstead, Herts, where born in 1583. Died May 21, 1641, s.p. [without issue]. Buried at Hemel Hempstead. Monumental Inscription at Abbot's Langley. Will, P.C.C. Benefactor to Sidney. (Cussans, III, Pedigrees)

1583 Chancery and Supreme Court of Judicature, High Court of Justice, Chancery Division: Master Hulbert's Pedigrees (served 1905-1931). J 66/1/9. Name: COMBE(S), Francis Title of suit: Attorney General v Sidney Sussex College. (Combs &c. Extractions from the PRO Catalogue - record not yet acquired)
The date, 1583, probably refers to the birth year of Francis COMBES (s/of Francis and Jane POPE Combe) who, according to Davidson, died s.p. in 1641, his will including a bequest to the College "of Sidney Sussex at Cambridge." The actual court action, however, was probably between 1905 and 1931 (presuming records weren't "inherited" by Master Hulbert). Francis' christening record has not yet been located.
11 Jul 1585 Hemel Hempstead, Hertford. Christened: Elizabethe COMBES, d/o Franncis COMBES (FamilySearch.Org, IGI, #0991330, Parish registers, 1558-1949 Church of England. Parish Church of Hemel-Hempstead (Hertfordshire) - source not yet viewed)

31 Jul 1586 Hemel Hempstead, Hertford. Christened: Tobias COMBES, s/o Franncis COMBES (FamilySearch.Org, IGI, #0991330, Parish registers, 1558-1949 Church of England. Parish Church of Hemel-Hempstead (Hertfordshire) - source not yet viewed)
See 20 Feb 1625 marriage of a Tobe and Marie THEEDE Comes in Wing, Bucks.
16 Feb 1588 Hemel Hempstead, Hertford. Christened: Charles COMBES, s/o Franncis COMBES (FamilySearch.Org, IGI, #0991330, Parish registers, 1558-1949 Church of England. Parish Church of Hemel-Hempstead (Hertfordshire) - source not yet viewed)

17 May 1590 Hemel Hempstead, Hertford. Christened: Wm. COMBES, son of Frannces_ COMBES (FamilySearch.Org, IGI, #0991330, Parish registers, 1558-1949 Church of England. Parish Church of Hemel-Hempstead (Hertfordshire) - source not yet viewed)

20 Jun 1591 Hemel Hempstead, Hertford. Christened: Marie COMBES, daughter of Frannces_ COMBES (FamilySearch.Org, IGI, #0991330, Parish registers, 1558-1949 Church of England. Parish Church of Hemel-Hempstead (Hertfordshire) - source not yet viewed)

10 Sep 1592 Hemel Hempstead, Hertford. Christened: Elizabethe COMBES, daughter of Frannces_ COMBES (FamilySearch.Org, IGI, #0991330, Parish registers, 1558-1949 Church of England. Parish Church of Hemel-Hempstead (Hertfordshire) - source not yet viewed)

25 Mar 1593 Hemel Hempstead, Hertford. Christened: Nathaniell POPE, son of Raphe POPE (FamilySearch.Org, IGI, #0991330, Parish registers, 1558-1949 Church of England. Parish Church of Hemel-Hempstead (Hertfordshire) - source not yet viewed) [Search words: Nathaniel, Ralph]

1 May 1594 Hemel Hempstead, Hertford. Christened: Richarde COMBES, son of Frannces_ COMBES (FamilySearch.Org, IGI, #0991330, Parish registers, 1558-1949 Church of England. Parish Church of Hemel-Hempstead (Hertfordshire) - source not yet viewed)

37 Elizabeth [1595] Hertford. Chancery: Inquisitions Post Mortem, Series II, and other Inquisitions.,Henry VII to Charles I [1485-1660]. C 142/243/63 COMBES, Richard (Combs &c. Extractions from the PRO Catalogue, C 142-143 Series - record not yet acquired)

27 Jul 1595 Hemel Hempstead, Hertford. Christened: Anna COMBES, daughter of Frannces_ COMBES (FamilySearch.Org, IGI, #0991330, Parish registers, 1558-1949 Church of England. Parish Church of Hemel-Hempstead (Hertfordshire) - source not yet viewed)

13 Mar 1596 Hemel Hempstead, Hertford. Christened: John COMBES, son of Frannces_ COMBES (FamilySearch.Org, IGI, #0991330, Parish registers, 1558-1949 Church of England. Parish Church of Hemel-Hempstead (Hertfordshire) - source not yet viewed)

18 Feb 1598 Hemel Hempstead, Hertford. Christened: Susanna COMBES, daughter of Frannces_ COMBES (FamilySearch.Org, IGI, #0991330, Parish registers, 1558-1949 Church of England. Parish Church of Hemel-Hempstead (Hertfordshire) - source not yet viewed)

Oct. 18, 1602 Middle Temple, London, EN. Admissions: Francis COMBES, son and heir of Frenceis COMBES., of Hempsted Herts., gent. (Combs &c. of the Middle Temple)

5 Oct 1623 Hemel Hempstead, Hertford, England. Christened: Nathaniel POPE, son of Nathaniel POPE (FamilySearch.Org, IGI, 0991330, Parish registers, 1558-1949 Church of England. Parish Church of Hemel-Hempstead (Hertfordshire) - source not yet viewed)

2 Charles I [1627] Hertford. Chancery: Inquisitions Post Mortem, Series II, and other Inquisitions.,Henry VII to Charles I [1485-1660]. C 142/428/56 COMBES, Francis: Hertford (Combs &c. Extractions from the PRO Catalogue, C 142-143 Series - record not yet acquired)

ca 1628 According to the 1943 James Logan Kendall manuscript, one John COMBES, "gent" removed to Plymouth Colony ca 1628 from Hemil Hemstead, Hertfordshire. It is not known to which John COMBES of Hemel-Hempstead he referred nor the source of this data, but probably John christened 13 Mar 1596, and probably based on that John having named a son, Francis. By 1630, John COMBE of Plymouth, had married, in Plymouth Colony, Sarah PRIEST, d/o Digory and Sarah ALLERTON (Vincent) Priest (Cuthbertson). See also George Aylesworth Davidson above.

21 May 1641 Hemel Hempstead, Herts. Buried: Francis COMBE. (Davidson, op. cit.)

1649-1660 Trustees for Crown Lands and Fee Farm Rents: Particulars for Sale of Estates of Charles I. E 320/G6. "Hemel Hempstead: Richard COMBE, Samuel SOUTHEN, Richard SALTER and John GATE" (Combs &c. Extractions from the PRO Catalogue, Series E)
This record not yet acquired, but according to PRO Series E 320 Information: :"In 1649 trustees were appointed by Parliament to sell the estates previously belonging to Charles I, Queen Henrietta Maria and Prince Charles. These were surveyed and, on the basis of this information, detailed particulars of the properties were drawn up. Also included in the series are certificates of rates, which provide the names of the purchasers, the price to be paid, and details of the payments to be made; certificates by the contractors authorising the trustees to convey the properties to named purchasers; and certificates by the deputy registrar that the conveyance has been completed and registered." Assuming the above listed are trustees, it would appear that Richard was a Parliamentarian (rather than a Royalist).
20 Charles I [1645] Hertford. Chancery: Inquisitions Post Mortem, Series II, and other Inquisitions.,Henry VII to Charles I [1485-1660]. C 142/722/114 COMBES, Francis (Combs &c. Extractions from the PRO Catalogue, C 142-143 Series - record not yet acquired)

There is a gap from 1598/9 to 1655 in which no Combes are christened or married in this parish. It is not known if this is the result of missing records (not yet checked).

9 Jun 1655 Hemel Hempstead, Hertford. Born: Thomas COMBE, s/o Richard COMBE (FamilySearch.Org, IGI, #0991330, Parish registers, 1558-1949 Church of England. Parish Church of Hemel-Hempstead (Hertfordshire) - source not yet viewed)

The above may have been Richard, son of Tobias and Mary THEED Combe, who was born ca 1656 per the above.

27 Jul 1655 State Paper Office: Deeds and Other Miscellaneous Documents. SP 27/2. Grant by William TAYLOR, William WOOD, John CLAYTON, Thomas OATES, William SCUDAMORE, John CROWTHER, James DANBY and Nicholas SANDERSON to Richard COMBE of Hemel Hempstead, Herts, of their interest in the moiety of the manor of Hemel Hempstead, Herts, for... [incomplete entry] (Combs &c. Extractions from the PRO Catalogue, Series SP)
This record not yet read, but apparently, two earlier dated records in the same series are pertinent:
2 May 1651 SP 27/1. Tripartite indenture between John REYNER of St Martin in the Fields, Middx, and Jane his wife, Nicholas SANDERSON of Hickelton [Hickleton], Yorks and John PICKERING of Hague Hall, Yorks, and William TAYLOR, John CLAITON, William WOOD, Thomas OATES, Willia... [incomplete entry] 1651 May 2 5 Dec 1653 SP 27/2. Grant from William TAYLOR, John CLAYTON, William WOOD, Thomas OATES, William SCUDAMORE and John CROWTHER to James DANBY and Nicholas SANDERSON of their moiety of the manor of Hemel Hempstead, Herts, for the sum of 20s... [incomplete entry]
These may be relevant to the financial problems it is said that Richard experienced (now or later?).
30 Jul 1657 Hemel Hempstead, Hertford. Born: Anne COMBE, d/o Richard COMBE (FamilySearch.Org, IGI, #0991330, Parish registers, 1558-1949 Church of England. Parish Church of Hemel-Hempstead (Hertfordshire) - source not yet viewed)

Not identified. Perhaps an unnamed sister of Thomas? This is the last Combes entry in this source until 1713 (below).

07 Dec 1672 Married: Sir Richard COMBE (COOMBE) Knight, of Hempsted, Herts. widower, about 40 [born ca 1632] and Lady Elizabeth GREENE, of Mitcham, Surrey, widow about 40 at Carshalton, Tooting, Croydon, or Mitcham, Surrey. 7 Dec.1672.V. (Extracted by Combs Researchers Joe Kendalll and Denise Mortorff from Foster. MARRIAGES OF LONDON, London. 1869)

1692 Will of Richard COMBE [armiger], Hemel Hempstead, Herts, 1692, Folio 198. (Extracted by Combs Researcher Joe Kendalll from "The Index Library - Index to Wills Proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury and now preserved in the Probate Registry, Somerset House, London", Vol.XI, 1686-1693. ed. C. Harold Ridge. London: British Record Society Limited, 1958, p. 64)

7 Jun 1713 Hemel Hempstead, Hertford. Christened: Lydia COMBS, d/o William and Lydia COMBS (FamilySearch.Org, IGI, #0991330, Parish registers, 1558-1949 Church of England. Parish Church of Hemel-Hempstead (Hertfordshire) - source not yet viewed)
All Combs &c. records from this source have been extracted (1998).
Codicote, home of the BROCKETT and PENN Families, a parish in the hundred of Cashio, or liberty of St. Alban's, though locally in the hundred of Broadwater, county of Hertford, 2 miles NNW of Welwyn… The living is a discharged vicarage, in the archdeaconry of St. Alban's, and diocese of London… and in the patronage of the Bishop of Ely…

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