Combs &c. Research
Records of the
Corporation of the City of London
(1550-1633)

The number of courts in early London often seems infinitesimal, including not only civil courts, but ecclesiastical, royal and guild courts. Even the number of civil courts was large, including not only the Court of Aldermen and Court of Common Council, but also the Courts of the Wards. The Records Office of the Corporation of the City of London (CLRO) holds numerous of these records, many of which have never been published.

One source for determining if one's ancestor might be in these records is London Citizens 1550-1603 by R. M. Benbow (unpublished), which is held by the CLRO (and available for inspection at their office). According to CLRO Archivist Jim Sewell, Benbow's Index is based on a variety of surviving records including the Repertories of the Court of Aldermen, the Journals of the Court of Common Council, the Minute Books of Bridewell, Christ's, and St. Bartholomew's Hospitals, the records of the livery companies, and parish records. Mr. Sewell adds, however, that not all entries include a source reference, and no attempt has ever been made to document them. Neither the Repertories (minutes of the Court of Aldermen), nor the Journals of the Court of Common Council (both held in their original form at the CLRO) have been published.

This report is in three parts: (1) extractions of Archdales, Combs &c. from Benbow's Index for the period 1550-1603; (2) transcriptions of records from the Orphans Recognizances Vol. 2, 1590-1633; and (3) more about the parties whose names appear herein (At this time, the only two items extracted in full from the Orphans Court records are for Martin ARCHDALE (-1597) and his nephew-in-law, John COMBE (-1610)).


Extractions from Benbow's Index (1550-1633)

John COMBE/COMBES/COOMES, p. 271
1583 John COMBE was admitted to freedom, City of London. Company: Drapers.

1589 John was a feoffee for church lands.

1589-90 John was elected sideman

1591 John was a searcher for Jesuits.

1596 Court of Orphans Recognizances included John COMBE, recognitor for £350. Suretors: Thomas ARCHDALE 03, Matthew ARCHDALE 03, William PALMER 10.

1596 John COMBE was suretor for £350 with Robert PALMER 02, William PALMER 10, and Matthew ARCHDALE 03.

1598 John COMBE was suretor for £350 with Matthew ARCHDALE 03, Robert PALMER 02, and William PALMER 10. (Total involvement of John COMBE as recognitor/suretor was £1050).

1598 John COMBE entered the livery.

1606 John COMBE was first elected Warden, Parish Church: St Mary Aldermanbury. He served as an auditor of the Church Warden Accounts; was assigned to three committees (JS: This is a rough count which seeks to indicate the degree of activity as a Commoner).

John COMBE was Commissioner of Assurances [City of London Court of Policies of Assurance].

1607 John COMBE entered the ... Court of Assistants [governing body of the Drapers].

1610 John COMBE died, buried as a Common Councillor.
(paraphrased, from extractions by both Mr. Sewell and Mr. Neil - See 27 Dec 2000 and 03 Mar 2001 Combs list postings by Researcher Denise Mortorff. [Bracketed] words are by Combs &c. editors. See 27 Dec 2000 Combs List)
Martin ARCHDALE (ACHDALE), p. 1407:
4 Oct 1570 the Grocer's Court granted £100 from legacy money as a loan to Martin ARCHDALE, who was in Hamburg; the suretors were George STODDARD 02, John VIOLET 04, and Edward HERDSON 06.

1573-1577 the Wardens Accounts listed Martin ARCHDALE as resident in Aldgate, Mark Lane, and Fenchurch.

1575 the Court of Orphans Recognizances included Martin ARCHDALE as suretor for £250 with Thomas ARCHDALE 03, Lawrence SMITH 01 and Thomas DUFFIELD 03.

1581 the Orphans' Recognizances included Martin ARCHDALE as suretor for £250 with Thomas ARCHDALE 03, Thomas DUFFIELD 03, and John PITMAN 33.

By 1582, Martin ARCHDALE seems to have been resident in St Olave, Jury [St Olave Jewry] when he was cessed at £40 in the subsidy. A Martin ARCHDALE was also cessed in 1582 for £80 in the Tower ward subsidy.

1585 Martin ARCHDALE was elected to the Wardmote Inquest

1587 Martin ARCHDALE served as Collector for the Poor.

1588 Recognizances in the Court of Orphans included Martin ARCHDALE as suretor for £300 with Michael PINDER 12, Thomas ARCHDALE 03, and John COLBY 12 (his total Total involvement as a suretor was £800).

1589 Martin ARCHDALE was a Churchwarden, but by August of 1590 he had left the parish.

11 Apr 1591 The Privy Council dealt with a complaint by Adolph STATES, merchant stranger of London, whose cloths were unlawfully bought by STEVENS, servant of Martin ARCHDALE, for ARCHDALE's use (APC 21, 50-1).

13 Apr 1592 The Court of Aldermen ordered that Martin ARCHDALE, who had been elected a Constable in Tower ward, was to serve in his own person or appoint a deputy approved by SALTONSTALL. (Repertories, Court of Alderman. 22, 368).

A Martin ARCHDALE was buried in St Margaret Pattens.
(ibid.)
Surnames checked in this source include:
ARCHDALE: No results other than as shown herein

CLIFTON: No results.

COMBE: No results other than shown herein

KENDALL: No results.

PALMER: Andrew, 832; Edward, 833; Henry, 1693; Lawrence, 834; Simon, 2218; Robert and William (none other than as recorded below)

SAYER: John, 958.


Orphan Court Recognizances: 1590-1633
To secure an inheritance the Court of Orphans, insisted that three or four sureties give a recognizance, or promise, guaranteeing that the child would be paid his or her patrimony when he or she came of age.The Recognizances were usually taken by the Common Sergeant, the City official who had responsibility for much of the administration of the Orphan's Fund. A recognitor was the person who entered into a bond, by which they engage themselves to perform some act or observe some condition; also to pledge a certain sum of money as a surety for such a performance. (Provided by CLRO Archivist Jim Sewell from The Court of Orphans by Charles Carlton, Leicester University Press, 1974, pp.24-26).

From Orphans Recognizances Vol. 2, 1590-1633. CLRO, transcribed and translated from the original Latin for Combs &c. Researcher Denise Mortorff by S. Neil, English historical researcher, records agent and translator:
__________________________________________________
31 Jan 1597/98. Court of Orphans. Recognizances.
Folio 5, No. 267, 269, 270. AA 161-3.
Orphans of Martin ARCHDALE, grocer, deceased

The last day of January 40 Eliz. [1597/98)

John, Martin, Robert, Samuel, Daniel, Alice and Sarah, the children and orphans of Martin ARCHDALE, grocer, deceased.
Michael PINDER, clothw(orker)       }as recognitors £350
Richard PROCTER, mercer       267   }
John PROCTER, mercer                }AA 161

Adam WASHINGTON, mercer             }as suretors    £300
Allan DUCKETT, mercer.       10 .4 . 43 Eliz. (1601)         RIDER
William COLLIER, clothworker 23. 5.  44 Eliz. (1602)         GARRARD
James PROCTER, mercer         8. 7.  1604 2 Jas. I (1604)    BENNETT
Thomas CLARKE, haberdasher    9. 6.  1605 3 Jas. I (1605)    LOVE* 
Thomas PROCTER, mercer       13. 1.  1610 8 Jas. I (1610/11) CRAVEN**
* SN Note: This surname could have been LOWE or ROWE.

** SN Note: This surname could also have been Craben.
On the same day and in the same year:

The same orphans:*
Richard MARSHE, grocer              }as recognitors £350
Robert MARSHE, grocer        269    }
Henry MARSHE, grocer                }AA 162

John VINCENT, grocer                } as suretors £300
Robert MARSHE, scribe        25. 1.   45 Eliz. (1602/3)    LEE
Daniel MARSHE, grocer         1. 5.   1 Jas. I  (1603)     BENNETT
Charles HARVYE, fishmonger   26. 4.   4 Jas. I (1606)      WATTS
Anthony STILE, grocer        16. 4.   5 Jas. I (1607)      ROWE
John DAVIS,** draper***      29. 3.   1610 8 Jas. I        CRAVEN
* SN Note: I.e. John, Martin, Robert, Samuel, Daniel, Alice and Sarah

** SN Note: This surname could also have been Dams

*** SN Note: The Latin word here is "pannarius", which can mean either clothier or draper.
On the same day and in the same year:

The same orphans:
Matthew ARCHDALE, draper             }as recognitors £350
John COMBE, draper        270        }
Robert PALMER, grocer                }AA 163

William PALMER, haberdasher          }as suretors £300
Thomas ARCHDALE, draper    8. 3.*   42 Eliz. (1599/1600)  MOSELY
William JACKSON, grocer     11. 2.    1610 8 Jas. I (1610/11) CRAVEN
* SN Note: This might not have been a "3".
14 Dec 1598. Court of Orphans. Recognizances.
Folio 7, No. 17, AA 225.
Orphans of Martin ARCHDALE, deceased.

14 Dec 41 Eliz. (1598)

John, Martin, Robert, Alice, Sarah, Samuel and Daniel, the children and orphans of Martin ARCHDALE, grocer, deceased.
Matthew ARCHDALE, draper            }as recognitors £240
Thomas ARCHDALE, draper      17     }
William PALMER, haberdasher         }AA 225

Edward BROWNE, grocer*              }as suretors £200
Robert PALMER, grocer        10. 3.  42 Eliz. (1600) MOSELEY
* SN Note: This is surely where the 1598 reference for John Combe as surety along with Matthew Archdale, Robert Palmer and William Palmer should have been. I have either missed out John's name by accident or neglected to copy down the next entry, which probably included his name.
__________________________________________________
4 Jun 1611. Court of Orphans. Recognizances.
Folios 75, 76.
Orphans of John COOMBES, draper, deceased.

Folio 75

4 Jun 9 Jas. I (1611)

John, William and Archdal', sons and orphans of John COOMBES, draper, deceased.
Margaret COOMBES, widow            } as recognitors £350
William PALMER, haberdasher        }
Richard ARCHDALE, draper           }

Ranulph MANINGE, skinner           } as suretors £300
Robert PALMER, grocer       24. 12.  1616 14 Jas. I (1616) (...)
Folio 76

On the same day and in the same year:

The same orphans:

The same recognitors, and Robert PALMER, grocer.*
* SN Note: There are two more entries identical to this one, and for the same amounts of money as above in the first entry.
12 Dec 1611. Court of Orphans. Recognizances.
Folio 79.
Orphans of John COOMBES, draper, deceased.

Folio 79

12 Dec 9 Jas. I (1611)

John, William and Archdal', sons and orphans of John COOMBES, draper, deceased.
Humphrey STYLE, grocer                } as recognitors £350
Simon LAWRENCE, grocer                }
Ranulph MANNING the younger, skinner  }

William SPEIGHT, mercer               } as suretors £300
William JOHNSON, mercer 30. 9. 162(...) (...) Jas. I (...)
On the same day and in the same year:

The same orphans:

The same recognitors, and William JOHNSON.*
* SN Note: There are two more entries identical to this one, and for the same amounts of money as above in the first entry.
9 Sep 1617. Court of Orphans. Recognizances.
Folios 163, 164,
Orphans of John COMBES, draper, deceased.

Folio 163

9 Sep 1617

John, William and Archdal', sons and orphans of John COMBES, draper, deceased, by virtue of certain letters of administration of the goods of Margaret COMBES, widow, deceased, late wife of the said John COMBES and mother of the said orphans, granted to Barbarie PALMER, wife of William PALMER, citizen and haberdasher of London.
William PALMER, haberdasher  } as recognitor £350
                             } as suretor    £200*
* SN Note: There are five more entries identical to this one, and for the same amounts of money as above in the first entry, except for the fifth entry, where the amounts are £300 (as recognitor) and £250 15s 9d (as suretor).
Folio 164

The same orphans by the said Margaret owing, given to the same orphans and received by the very same woman for them.
The same recognitor     }as recognitor £60
                        }as suretor    £34 10 shillings

The same orphans for the increase of finding money for £1,200 remaining in the hands of Ranulph MANNINGE and others for the orphans aforesaid.
The same recognitor     } as recognitor £320
                        } as suretor    £270
The same orphans for the increase of finding money for £1,200 late remaining in the hands of the said Margaret, mother of the orphans, for the same orphans.
The same recognitor     } as recognitor £350
                        } as suretor    £300

The same orphans for the increase of finding money for £1,200 late remaining in the hands of the said Margaret, mother of the orphans, for the same orphans.
The same recognitor     } as recognitor £100
} as suretor £45

4 Jun 1611. Court of Orphans. Recognizances.
Folio 181.
Orphans of John COOMBES, draper, deceased.

Folio 181

22 Sep 1618 16 Jas. I (1618)

John, William and Archdale, sons and orphans of John COOMBES, draper, deceased, by virtue of certain letters of administration of the goods, etc, of Margaret COOMBES, widow, deceased, wife of the said John COOMBES and late mother of the said orphans, granted to Barbarie PALMER, wife of William PALMER, citizen and haberdasher of London.
William PALMER, haberdasher     } as recogitor £350
                                } as suretor £300

The same orphans by virtue of the letters of administration, aforesaid.

William PALMER, haberdasher     } as recogitor £350
                                } as suretor   £300

The same orphans by virtue of the letters of administration, aforesaid.

William PALMER, haberdasher     } as recogitor £240
                                } as suretor   £195 11s 3d

More About the Parties Named Herein

ARCHDALE

Martin, Matthew and Thomas ARCHDALE were sons of John ARCHDALE of Stafford, Staffordshire. Martin, a grocer of Allhallows Barking by the Tower, married 13 Jun 1575, Barbara SEXTON of St. Olave Hart St, d/o Thomas SEXTON of London and Suffolk. Martin died, as noted above at St. Margaret Pattens, Tower Ward, 1597. Matthew ARCHDALE, a draper, died in 1599, a resident of St. Michael Royal Paternoster. Thomas ARCHDALE, also a draper, married 31 Oct 1568, St Antholin Budge Row, Mary CLIFTON (d/o Richard and Mary MORTON Clifton).

Richard ARCHDALE, also a draper of London, was the son of Barnard ARCHDALE, also a son of John of Stafford, and Anne FERNE, d/o (Ralph?) and Dorothy of Cuddesden, Oxfordshire.

COMBE

John COMBE, born ca 1561, died 1610, St. Mary the Virgin Aldermanbury, was also a draper. He married in 1587 at St. Antholin Budge Row, Margaret ARCHDALE, d/o the above Thomas and Mary CLIFTON Archdale.

PALMER

William PALMER, haberdasher, also of Aldermanbury, married before 1600, Barbara ARCHDALE, also a daughter of Thomas and Mary CLIFTON Archdale. He and his brother, Robert (next), were sons of Thomas and Joan FOX Palmer of Staffordshire.

Robert PALMER, grocer, of St. Dunstan in the East, brother of the above William PALMER, married 10 Jun 1595, St. Lawrence Jewry, Mary CRADDOCK.

BROWN

Edward BROWN, grocer, married bef 1597, Katherine ARCHDALE, also a child of Barnard and Anne FERNE Archdale.

MANNING

Randall MANNING, skinner, of Edmonton, Middlesex, s/o Randall and Katherine DERING Manning, married 13 Dec 1608, Aldermanbury, Mary COMBE, d/o John and Margaret ARCHDALE Combe

STYLE

Humphrey STYLE, grocer, married Sarah MANNING, sister of Randall MANNING, the elder.

Anthony STILE, grocer, may have been kin to Humphrey (who has not been actively researched).

LAWRENCE

Simon LAWRENCE, grocer, may have been the same who married 14 May 1605, St Margaret Lothbury, Marie STILES

SPEIGHT-SPAIGHT

William SPAIGHT (SPEIGHT), mercer, was likely the same who married 15 Jun 1601, St. John Hackney, Middlesex, Elizabeth MANNING, d/o John and sister of Randall MANNING the elder.

PINDER

Michael PINDER, clothworker, may have been the same who married 18 Jun 1594, St Lawrence Jewry Rachel PROCTOR (A Michaell PINDER was christened in Aldermanbury in 1558). Nothing more is known of Richard, John, James or Thomas PROCTER at this time.

COLLIER

William COLLIER

CLARKE

Thomas CLARKE, haberdasher, has not been identified although he may be somehow related to George CLARKE, h/o Barbara PALMER, d/o the above-noted Robert and Mary CRADDOCK Palmer.

DUCKETT-WASHINGTON

An ancestral file (documentation, if any, unknown) indicates that a Joyce HUNGATE (d/o Harry HUNGATE and Martha Maye BASHERVILLE "of Saxton Hall, Yorkshire"), born about 1570, married (1) abt 1593, Allen DUCKETT (s/o Anthony and Alice (Ann) DACRE Duckett "of Greyrigg, Westmoreland"), born abt 1566, died 3 Feb 1601/2 "St. Conards, Eastcheap, England;" married (2) 7 Nov 1602, Adam WASHINGTON; (3) 16 Jun 1607, Thomas HUNGATE; and also (no date) John NORTON. No children are listed except by DUCKETT, i.e., Thomas, Mary, Ann and Mary (sic), the last christened at St. Leonard Eastcheap, 16 Jan 1601/2.

On 9 Apr 1592, an Anne DUCKETT was christened to an Allyne DUCKETT at St. Leonard Eastcheap, and on 28 Jul 1594, a Thomas DICKETT was christened at St. Mary Colechurch. A Mary DUCKETT, d/o Alyn DUCKETT, was christened 11 May 1590, St Mary Colechurch, and a second (Marie) on 9 Apr 1598 [sic] at St. Leonard Eastcheap (IGI parish extracts). A Joyse HUNGATE, d/o Harry HUNGATE, was christened 06 Feb 1657 at St Stephen Coleman St., and a Harry HUNGATE, s/o Harry, was christened there on 30 May 1578. (ibid.). Middlesex marriage records include the marriage at Edmonton, MiddlesexEdmonton, Middlesex of a Steven DUCKET and Anna BASKERFIELD [sic] on 12 Jul 1575.

SMITH

One Lawrence SMITH married 1575, St. Mary Woolchurch Haw (where FARRINGTON and DITCHFIELD are also found), Elizabeth REY. See also 1601 St. Dunstan, Stepney marriage of Clement COMBE and Katherine REA [sic]. Not known if significant.

Sarah ARCHDALE, d/o Thomas and Mary CLIFTON Archdale, born ca 1574, m (1) unknown SMITH by whom Mary SMITH; and (2) Ady SARE. Might Lawrence SMITH be a clue to her first husband's identity?

STODDARD-VIOLET

According to an ancestral file submission (that is not supported by IGI parish extracts), George STODDARD married 14 Nov 1559, St. Dunstan East, Ann SEXTON. Presumably, she was somehow related to Barbara SEXTON, d/o Thomas SEXTON of London and Suffolk, and wife of Martin ARCHDALE. Based on PRO index extractions of The Archdale, Sexton, Stoddard Papers, Martin ARCHDALE and George STODDARD also had a business relationship. According to an ancestral file submission (no documentation), one John VYOLETT married a Margaret STODDARD abt 1537 in Kent.

DUFFIELD

Thomas DUFFIELD, Draper, apprenticed the above Thomas ARCHDALE who was freed in 1559.

PITMAN

STAC 8/113/31 earl of Salisbury v. COMBE, PITMAN, MUNCKE, SENDYE, WEARE, COURTNEY, SAULE and others: Dorset. 04/03/1603-27/03/1625

WASHINGTON

COLBY





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